Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Diploid
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
homologous
each of the 4 chromosomes from the male parent has a corresponding chromosome from the female parent
Haploid
one let of genes
Meiosis
a process of reduction division in which the number of chromoseomes per cell is cut in half through the spearation of homologous chromosomes in a diploid cell
Interphase I
cells undergo a round of DNA replication froming duplicate chromosomes
Phrophase I
each chromosome pairs with its corresponding homolgous chromosome to form a tetrad
Tetrad
structure containing four chromatids
Metaphase I
spindle fibers attach to the chromosomes
Anaphase I
the fibers pull homologous chromosomes toward opposite ends of the cell
Telophase I and Cytokinesis
Nuclear membranes form, The cell separates into two cells
Prophase II
Meiosis I results intwo haplid daughter cells, each with half the number of chromosomes as the original cell
Metaphase II
The chromosomes line up in a similar way to metaphase in mitosis
Anaphase II
the sister chromatids separate and move toward opposite ends of the cell
Telophase II and Cytokinesis
Meiosis II results in four haploid (N) daughet cells
Croosing-Over
chromosones exchanging portions of their chromatids and produces new combinations of alleles
Polar Bodies
the remaing three cells that are produced but dont turn into eggs
Difference Between Meiosis and Mitosis
Mitosis results in the production fo two genetically identical diploid cells, whereas meiosis produces four genetically different haploid cells