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23 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Growth Hormone
Source: Anterior Pit
Action: stimulates bone and muscle growth
Prolactin
Source: Anterior Pit
Action: stimulates milk production and secretion
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Source: Anterior Pit
Action: stimulates the adrenal cortex to synthesize and secrete glucocorticoids
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
(TSH)
Source: Anterior Pit
Action: stimulates the thyroid to produce thyroid hormone
Lutenizing Hormone (LH)
Source: Anterior Pit
Action: Stimulates ovulation in females; testosterone production in males
Follicle-stimulating Hormone (FSH)
Source: Anterior Pit
Action: Stimulates ovulation in females; spermatogenesis in males
Oxytocin
Source: Hypothalamus; stored in Posterior Pit
Action: stimulates uterine contractions during labor, and milk secretion during lactation
Vasopressin (ADH)
Source: Hypothalamus; stored in Posterior Pit
Action: Stimulates H2O reabsorption in the kidneys
Thyroid hormone
Source: Thyroid
Action: Stimulates metabolic activity
Calcitonin
Source: Thyroid
Action: Decreases the blood calcium level
Parathyroid hormone
Source: Parathyroid
Action: Increases the blood calcium level
Glucocorticoids
Source: Adrenal cortex
Action: Increases blood glucose level and decreases protein synthesis
Mineralocorticoids
Source: Adrenal cortex
Action: Increases water reabsorbtion in the kidneys
Epinephrine and Norepinephrine
Source: Adrenal medulla
Action: Increases blood glucose level and heart rate
Glucagon
Source: Pancreas
Action: Stimluates conversion of glycogen to glucose in the liver; increases blood glucose
Insulin
Source: Pancreas
Action: Lowers blood glucose and increases storage of glycogen
Somatostatin
Source: Pancreas
Action: Suppresses secretion of glucagon and Insulin
Testosterone
Source: Testis
Action: Maintains male secondary sexual characteristics
Estrogen
Source: Ovaries/placenta
Action: Maintains female secondary sexual characterisitics
Progesterone
Source: Ovaries/placenta
Action: Promotes growth/ maintenance of endometrium
Melatonin
Source: Pineal
Action: unclear in humans
Atrial natriuretic hormone
Source: Heart
Action: Involved in osmoregulation
Thymosin
Source: Thymus
Action: Stimulates T lymphocyte development