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62 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
DNA Stands For...

RNA Stands For...
Deoxyribonucleic Acid

Ribonucleic Acid
Gene Pool
all of the genes in a population at any given time
Ovary
-main sex organ
-oogenesis
-lifetime supply of eggs
-production of 2 hormones
Endoplasmic Reticulum
"Tunnel"
-two types
1. Rough
2. Smooth
-synthensizes and transports proteins
Progesterone
pregnancy hormone
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
FHS
makes a follicle in the ovary mature
Lutenizing Hormone
causes rupture of follicle
Protein
Geneotype
genetic make-up
Heredity
the transmission of traits from parent to offspring
Chromosomes
one line of DNA
Nucleus
"Control Center"
"Brain of Cell
-controls everything happening inside the cell
-has chromasomes-genetic material
Plasma Membraine
"Gate Keeper"
lets nutrients in and out
selective (semioermeable)
Mitochindia
"Mighty Mitochondris"
-makes ATP-energy!!
Lysosmes
"Garbarge Disposer"
-enzymes digest (breaks down) waste
Phenotype
what you see in a person
Dominant
same genes exert their full effect no matter what
Vacuole
"closet"
-stores food and water
-larger in plants than animals
Vestigial Structure
a structure that seems to have no function but Probably did at sometime
Recessive
some genes are "masked" or hidden
Allele
differnent for of the same gene
Estrogen
Female Hormone
Fallopian Tube
"oviduct" "uterine tube"
-leads eggs to uterus
-egg and sperm meet here
Oogenesis
the making of an egg
Homozygous
(pure)
two of the same alleles
(BB, bb)
Evolution
a change over a period of time
Testostrome
male hormone
Heterozygous
(Hybrid)
two different alleles
(Bb)
Uterus
-size and shape of a pear
-potenial to increase in size
-double lining
1. myometrium-muscle
2. Endometrium-blood vessels
Epididymus
just outside testicle
20feet long
sperm matures here
Seminiferous Tubules
700 feet long
spermatogenesis
Cell Wall
-only in plants
-made up of "crunchy" cellulose
Chlorplasts
Phtosynthesis
-only in plants
-contains chlorophill (green pigment) to absorb sunlight
Testes
-main sex organ
-located outside the body
-produces sperm
Vas Deference
semen is add to the sperm a long this 45 foot tube
Prostate Gland
Fluid that neutralizes the acidic environment of the vagina
Theory
a hypothesis that has been proved more than once
Scotum
provides a tempeture of about three degrees coller than body
Bulbourthral Gland
-OR-
Cowper's Gland
-lubercates penis
-cleans the acidic urine
-first to pass through urthrea
Seminal Vessicle
Fluid that...
-regulates Ph of semen
-is energy rich
-stimulates musscle contractions in females
Cell
The basic unit of life
Spermatogenesis
the making of sperm
Comparitive Anatomy
-similarites in anatomy suggest a common ancestor
1. homologous
2. Analogous
Ribosomes
-makes proteins
-found in two places
1. by thenselves
2. attavhed to endoplasic reticulum
Homologous Structure
Same structure, different function
Golgo Complex
"Mail Room"
-Packages and transports cellular products to the plasma membraine
Mutations
Comparitive Cytology
-all living things are made up of cells
-all cells have similar organs
Adaptations
Three Types:
1. Structual
2. Functional
3. Behavioral
Fossils
remains of a once living organism
Comparative Biochemesrty
-DNA, proteins, enzymes, RNA
-species that have biochemical similarities
Comparitive Embryology
closely related organism, go through similar stages in their embryonic development
DNA is located in the _______ of the cell.
Nucleus
"U" stands for
Uracil
Analogous Structure
Same function, different function
"T" stands for
Thymine
"A" stands for
Adenine
"G" stands for
Guanine
"C" stands for
Cytosine
Cytology
the study of cells
Codon
threee letter message
Nucleolus
-found inside the nucleus
-synthesizes ribosomes