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30 Cards in this Set

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asexual reproduction in which a part of the parent organism pinches off and forms a new organism
budding
a carbohydrate that forms part of the exoskeleton of arthropods and other organisms, such as insects, crustaceans, fungi, and some algae
chitin
describes filaments that do not have cell walls
coenocytic
an asexual spore produced in certain fungi
conidium
a type of hypha that bears asexual spores called conidia
conidiophore
fungi that can change their form in response to their environment
dimorphism
form of aesexual reproduction when hydra dries and shattrers releasing spores, i.e. athletes' foot
fragmentation
a nonreproductive filament of a fungus
hypha
in biology, a fungus that looks like wool or cotton
mold
the study of fungi
mycology
the mass of fungal filaments, or hyphae, that forms the body of a fungus
mycelium
a dividing wall, or partition, such as the wall between adjacent cells in a fungal hypha, the internal wall between adjacent segments of an annelid, and the thick wall between the right and left chambers of the heart
septa
a very small, unicellular fungus that ferments carbohydrates into alcohol and carbon dioxide; used to ferment beer and to leven bread and used as a source of vitamins and proteins
yeast
the reproductive portion of an ascomycete
asocarp
the female sexual organ or cell in ascomycetes
ascogonium
a spore produced in an ascus by ascomycetes
ascospore
the spore sac where ascomycetes produce ascospores
ascus
a structure that produces asexual spores in basidiomycetes
basidium
the part of a basidiomycete that produces spores
basidiocarp
a type of lichen that has a crustlike body
crustose
describes a cell that has two nuclei
dikaryotic
describes a lichen or alga that has a leaflike appearance
foliose
describes a lichen that is shrublike
fruticose
a cell or an organ that produces gametes
gametangium
a mass of fungal and algal cells that grow together in a symbiotic relationship and that are usually found on rocks or trees
lichen
cells that contain one nucleus
monokaryotic
a symbiotic association between fungi and plant roots
mycorrhiza
a rootlike structure in nonvascular plants, such as mosses or liverworts, that holds the plants in place and aids in absorption
rhizoid
in plants, a creeping stem that can develop roots and shoots at its nodes or at its tip to form new individuals
stolon
a toxic fungal poison that causes liver cancer; found as contaminants in peanuts and corn; produced by a species of Aspergillus
aflatoxin