Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/18

Click to flip

18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Blending
The product of genetic material contributed by each parent--INCORRECT
Hybridize
Cross fertilize
Law of Segregation
Separation of alleles into separate gametes
Homozygous
2 identical alleles (can be dominant or recessive)
phenotype
description of traits--what you see
dihybrid cross
inheritance of 2 different characteristics
Particulate inheritance
when parents pass on discrete, inheritable units that retain separate identities in offspring
Gregor Mendel
Documented particulate inheritance in his garden w/ pea plants
Self-Fertilize
What plants usually do to reproduce—instead, Mendel Cross Fertilized them
Hybrids
product of self fertilization
Punnet Square
Predicts results of genetic cross between individuals of a known genotype
heterozygous
2 different alleles (one dominant and one recessive)
genotype
genetic makeup
Law of independent assortment
Ind. Assortment of each pair of alleles during gamete formation—can't tell the origin of characteristics or where the genotype came from…so do a testcross
Testcross
Breeding homozygous recessive with dominant phenotype (unknown genotype of dom.)
Rule of Multiplication
Used to determine chance that 2 or more independent events will occur 2gether in some specific combination
Rule of Addition
Used to determine chance that 2 or more independent events will occur 2gether in some specific combination
Rule of Addition
Used to determine chance that 2 or more independent events will occur 2gether in some specific combination