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15 Cards in this Set

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what is the order of mitosis?
Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase, cytokinesis
(I) PMAT (C)
How many stages are in meiosis?
9
Mitosis twice
What are the stages of meiosis
(meiosis 1: interphase 1, prophase 1, metaphase 1, anaphase 1, telophase1 and cytokineseis

Meiosis 2: Prophase 2, metaphase 2, anaphase 2, telophase 2 and cytokinesis
Mitosis twice, 2 phases
what is a homologous pair?
2 sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.
homo=the same
what is a haploid?
gametes that have only one single ste of chromosomes
one set
what is a diploid cell?
a cell that contains both sets of homologous chromosomes
both sets
what are the four nitrogen bases for DNA and RNA
DNA: Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, Guanine

RNA: Adenine, Cytosine, Uracil, Guanine
DNA: ACTG

RNA: ACUG
What makes up a step of DNA or RNA?
a phosphate, a sugar, and a nitrogen base
HAND!!!
What nitrogen bases attract to each other?
Adenine<-->Thymine/Uracil

Cytosine<-->Guanine
AT, AU, CG, GC, TA, UA
what is a frameshift mutation?
a mutation caused by the removal or adding of a nucleotide
causes it to shift
what is a point mutation
a mutation that affect only one nucleotide
affect specific point
what is hybridization?
the crossing of dissimilar individuals to bring together hte best of both organisms
hybrid=combination
what is the breeding of individuals with similar characteristics that could spread to the spread of genetic disorders?
inbreeding
breeding IN group
how can breeders increase the genetic variation in a population?
by inducing mutations which are ultimate source of genetic variability
the ultimate source of genetic variability
what is a polyploid
cells grown from cells that are produced by drugs that prevent chromosomal separation during meiosis
poly=multiple