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113 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
top or dorsal side of a strafish
aboral surface
"without jaws" lamprey, hagfish
agnatha
embrace of a female frog by a male frog that results in the release of eggs by the female
amplexus
bulb-like sac located at the upper end of each tube foot in a starfish
ampulla
valve located between the left ventricle and the aorta
aortic
bottom, pointed end of the heart that rests on the diaphragm
apex
general term for vessels that carry blood from the heart (away)
arteries
type of joint in shoulders and hips
ball and socket
top of the heart
base
valve located between the left atrium and the left ventricle
bicuspid
oxygen-rich, bright red (except pulmonary arteries)
blood in arteries
oxygen-poor, dark red (except pulmonary veins)
blood in veins
scientific name for heel
calcaneus
thin, fragile blood vessels that are the actual site of gas exchange
capillaries
tough outer covering of a crawfish's body
carapace
one of 2 stomachs of a starfish; exits through the mouth in order to feed
cardiac stomach
order of mammals; carnivores, dog, cat, bear, otter, seal
carnivora
major artery that supplies blood to the brain
carotid
organism that produces its own food with the aid of minerals or other chemicals
chemoautotroph
order of flying mammals
chiroptera
"cartilage fish"; sharks, skates, Rays
chrondrichthyes
Structures that the paramecia use for movement
cilia
scientific name for the collarbone
clavicle
cavity in frogs that collects indigestible waste from the large intestine, urine from kidneys, sex cells from gonads
cloaca
organelle in paramecium that removes excess water and maintains homeostasis
contractile vacuole
major artery that supplies blood to the heart muscle itself
coronary
scientific term for the skull bone
cranium
protective layer that surrounds the body of a roundworm
cuticle
arthropod with ten legs (crawfish)
decapod
muscle in mammals that helps with breathing
diaphragm
phase of blood pressure associated with ventricular relaxation
diastole
first part of frog's small intestine
duodenom
"spiny skin"
echinodermata
method used by bats to locate prey; use sound waves
echolocation
mammals are __ (warm-blooded)
endothermic
red blood cells; carry oxygen and remove carbon dioxide
erthyrocytes
type of fertilization in starfish and most amphibians
external fertilization
structure in a paramecium that helps to monitor the environment by detecting light changes
eyespots
longest, strongest bone in the body
femur
small bone of the lower leg
fibula
Structures that the euglena use for movement
flagella
parasitic flatworm that is leaf-shaped and lives internally in the lungs, liver, or blood of its host
fluke
number of chambers in a mammal's heart
four
organ that store bile
gall bladder
major artery that supplies blood to the stomach
gastric
scientific name for the calf muscles
gastrocnemius
first part of an organism's scientific name
genus
muscular portion of an earthworm's digestive system repsponsible for grinding food
gizzard
type of joint located in the wrists and ankles
gliding
scientific name for the muscles of the buttocks
glueus maximus
glands in frog's skin that secrete a foul-tasting substance to ward off predators
granular glands
major veins of the legs
great sephenous
organisms that possess both male and female reproductive organs
hermaphrodites
causes AIDS
HIV
scientific name for high blood pressure
hypertension
order of mammals that have a high metabolic rate; shrew, mole
insectivora
fertilization in sharks
internal
remove chemical waste from the blood in fish. Frogs, and mammals
kidneys
rod-shaped bacteria that causes tooth decay
latcobaccilli
order of mammals with double row of upper incisors; rabbits, hares
lagamorphs
acts as a motion detector in fish
lateral line
strongest chamber of the heart
left ventricle
white blood cells
leucocytes
connective tissue that connects bone to bone
ligaments
organ that produces bile
liver
disease caused by plasmodium, a type of protozoa
malaria
strongest bone of the face; lower jaw
mandible
mammals that have a short gestation period; continue development in a pouch
marsupials
clear membrane responsible for holding the intestine in place
mesentery
process of shedding the exoskeleton in order to grow
molting
egg-laying mammal; duck-billed platypus and spiny anteater
monotremere
glands in frog's skin that secrete a lubricant to keep the skin moist
mucus glands
scientific term for heart attack
myocardial infarcation
small tubules in earthworms that remove excess water from the coelom
nephridia
part of the brain responsible for smelling
olfactory lobe
gill covering in bony fish; serves as a water filter
operculum
calcium plates that make up the endoskeleton of a starfish
ossicles
class of bony fish
osteichthyes
scientific name for the knee cap
patella
general term for an agent that causes disease
pathogen
study of diseases
pathology
muscle of the chest that allows for adduction or move the arms in front of the body
pectoralis major
type of medication that stops cell wall synthesis in bacteria
penicillin
sac that houses the heart and helps to reduce friction
pericardial sac
example of a free-living protozoan that is tapered at the posterior end and spade-shaped at the anterior end
planarian
part of blood responsible for blood clotting
platelets
order of mammals with large brains; ominvores; humands, apes
primates
order of mammals; elephants
proboscidea
Structures that the amoeba use for movement
peusdopods
major vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood from the right ventricle into the lungs
pulmonary arteries
major vessels that carry oxygen-rich blood into the left atrium
pulmonary veins
valve located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary trunk
pulmonic
muscles located at the end of the stomach that regulates the flow of food into the small intestine
pyloric sphincter
major artery that supplies blood to the kidneys
renal
part of skeletal system that protects the heart and lungs
ribcage
order of mammals with high reproductive capacity; squirrel, rats, mice, gopher
rodentia
muscle the covers that thigh; used to sit "Indian" style
satoris
external blood clot
scab
knob-shaped, anterior end of a tapeworm
scolex
bristles on the exterior of an earthworm's body
setae
involuntary, unstraited muscle found in internal organs such as stomach
smooth muscle
term used to describe the reproductive behavior of fish (eggs are laid and are then fertilized externally)
spawning
scientific name for the breastbone
sternum
major vessels that carry oxygen-poor blood into the right atrium
superior and inferior vena cava
organ found in bony fish that is used for buoyancy
swim bladder
science of grouping organisms according to characteristics
taxonomy
incisors, canines, premolars, molars
tetth in mammal
connective tissue that connects bone to muscles
tendons
number of chambers in a frog's heart
three
valve located between the right atrium and the right ventricle
tricuspid
organs in starfish that aid in movement, feeding, respiration, and excretion
tube feet
general term for vessels that carry blood to the heart
veins
network of water-filled canals in a starfish
water vascular system