Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Observation
the use of the senses to gather information about structures and processes
Data
recorded observaton, items of information; need to be clearly organized, consistently recorded and reliable
Science
derived from the Latin word "to know"
Inquiry
The process of investigation with thoughtful questions leading to a search for answers.
Qualitative
data in the form of descriptions
Quantitative
observation recorded as measurements
Discovery Science
describes natural structures or processes as accurately as possible through careful observation and data collection
Inference
A logical conclusion based on observations
controlled experiment
experiment that tests the effect of a single variable
inference
logical conclusion based on observations
generalization
general conclusion
hypothesis
suggested, testable answer to a well-defined scientific question
variable
any factor in an experiment that is not constant (any factor that can change)
evidence
collected body of data from observations and experiments
theory
well-tested explanation that makes sense of a great variety of scientific observations
A scientific hypothesis must be falsifiable
there must be some observation or experiment that could reveal if such a hypothesis is false.
model
physical, mental, or mathematical representation of how people understand a process or an idea
technology
application of scientific understanding for a specific purpose
induction
reasoning from specific observations to broader generalizations
deduction
demonstrating that an idea applies in nature or moving from hypothesis to prediction. Poses conclusions as in predicting outcomes of experiments