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16 Cards in this Set

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Plasma Membrane
selectively permeable barrier, boundary of a cell, nutrient and waste transport, location of many metabolic processies
Gas vacuoule
bouyancy for floating in aquatic environments
ribosomes
protein synthesis
inclusion bodies
storage of carbon, phosphate, and other substances.
nucleoid
localization of genetic material (DNA)
periplasmic space
contains hydrolytic enzymes and binding proteins for nutrient processing and uptake
cell wall
gives bacteria shape and protection from lyssis in dilute solutions
capsules and slime layers
resistance to phagocytosis, adherence to surfaces
fimbriae and pili
attachment to surfaces, baterial mating
flagella
movement
endospore
survival under harsh environmental conditions
nucleus
contains the genetic material
golgi apparatus
organelle active in synthesis, modification, sorting, and secretion of cell products
Endoplasmic reticulum
network of memrbanous sacs and tubes; active in membrane sytnhesis and other synthetic and metabolic processes; smooth and rough er
chloroplast
photosynthetic organelle (converts energy of sunlight to chemical energy)
mitochondria
cellular respiration