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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Natural Selection
Idea by Charles Darwin, survival of the fittest
Evolution according to Darwin
Experiment on Finches, decided new species come into existence for adaptation purposes
Evolution according to Wallace
Species create species, natural selection means most suited to the environment will survive to reproduce
Evolution according to Lamark
"Use it or lose it" (giraffes), abandoned idea since it ignores genetic mutations or DNA
once living remains of organisms encrusted in the earth (a limited resource that is easily disrupted and incomplete)
Radioactive dating of fossils
there's Carbon 14 in all living and dead organisms, fossils are dated by half lives of Carbon 14
Analogous Structure
2 different structures but the same function
Homologous Structure
2 of the same structures but different functions
Gene Pool
The available alleles in one's environment
Genetic Drift
a change in the Gene Pool due to random mating, no immigration of males, no emigration of females, long periods of time
Hardy Weinburg equations
p^2 + 2pq + q^2, measures equilibrium of gene pool over generations
similar characteristics, successfully interbreed to produce fertile offspring
gradual, small changes to a species over a long period of time
Punctuated Equilibrium
large jumps/changes, rapidly, with periods of no change
Adaptive Radiation
branching from one source, survival of fit; evolution of many branches of organisms from one source
Latin names
italics or underlined, genus and species
5 Kingdoms
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Planta, Animalia
7 Classifications
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species