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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Who came up with the system known as binomial nomenclature?
carolus Linnaeus
Describe Aristotle's method of classifying things.
He classified plants by their stem types, and he classified animals by where they lived.
List, in order, the two parts that make up the scientific name.
Genus and Species
Must organisms in the same genus be in the same phylum? Why or why not?
Yes, because a genus is just a smaller, more specific phylum.
Identify the broadest and least inclusive classification hierarchy.
Domain and Species
Identify the only organism that is prokaryotic and identify it's old kingdom name.
Bacteria; Monera
Define Taxonomy.
The science of classification.
Explain the guidelines for making a dichotomus key.
There are two statements, a and b. One is true and the other is false.
How are prokaryotic cells different from eukaryotic cells?
Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus. Eukaryotic cells do have a nucleus.
List the rules for correctly writing a scientific name.
Write the genus and species names. The first letter of the genus is capitalized. The whole thing is either underlined or italisized.
Based on your lab experience, explain why the science of classification is not perfect.
Because it is subjective.
Identify the fins of a shark.
Dorsal fins one and two, pectoral fin, pelvic fin, anal fin, and caudal fin.
Explain how a shark skeleton is different from a bass or salmon.
A shark's skeleton is made of cartilage, bass and salmon have skeletons made of bone.
List, in order, the classification categories going from the broadest to the most specific.
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species.
List the 6 kingdoms, and identify at least one example of organism that is found in each kingdom.
Eubacteria - E. Coli; Achaebacteria - Halophile; Plantae - Moss; Animalia - Dog; Protista - Amoeba; Fungi - mushroom
Explain natural selection and identify the individual who came up with the idea.
The environment naturally selects organisms with bebeficial traits; Charles Darwin.
List at least three facts that Darwin believed about evolution.
Variation exists within species; Organisms compete for limited resources; Organisms produce more offspring than can survive.
Explain the difference between vertical and horizontal evolution.
Vertical - a change of species. Horizontal - a change within species.