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17 Cards in this Set

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Uses bacteria to make products by splicing DNA from bacteria and DNA from distant related species together; use farm animals to make human products by splicing DNA from pigs with human DNA.
Recombianant DNA technology
Circular "extra" pieces of DNA in bacteria
Plasmids
Enzymes that cut DNA at specific nucleotide sequences
Restriction enzymes
Lab procedure that uses electricity to separate small and large DNA fragments
Gel electrophoresis
Enzyme that joins the sticky ends of bacteria DNA and foreign DNA together
DNA ligase
enzyme that adds on free nucleotides to unmatched DNA
DNA polymerase
Bacteria use restriction enzymes in nature to dystroy _________ DNA.
Viral
Fragments created by restriction enzymes have _________ ends.
sticky
In gel electrophoresis ________ fragments move faster than _________ fragments.
smaller fragments move faster than larger fragments
A collection of DNA fragments created by restriction enzymes and integrated into plasmids is called a ________
DNA Library
___________ is a method used to produce multiple strands of a piece of DNA
PCR
Which can be genetically modified without impacting its future survival?Plants
Mammals
Bacteria
Humans
Bacteria
List some genetic engineered medical products.
Human Insulin, Human growth hormone, interferon, interleukin and Renin inhibitor.
What 2 types of GM foods are consumed in the US but banned in Europe
soybeans and corn
DNA probes bind to complementary strands and are _____________
Tagged
"Biotech Barnyard" refers to farm animals producing ____________products
human
Gene therapy replaces _____________ genes with normal ones.
defective