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36 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Autotroph/Producer
Organism that makes its own food
Heterotroph/Consumer
Uses food that producers make
______ and ______ are used by photosynthesis and produced by cellular respiration
water and carbondioxide
_________ and_______ are used by cellular respiration and produced by photosynthesis
glucose and oxygen
what is energy?
the ability to move or change matter (Work)
Potential VS Kinetic Energy
Potential: stored
Kinetic: being used to move
Chemical Energy
Stored potential energy
Calorie
the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram or water by 1 degree
Kilocalorie
1000 calories
Chemical Work
Charging compunds
Mechanical Work
Movement of the Cell
Transport Work
Movement within the Cell
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
ADP
adenosine diphosphate
Aerobic Process
requires oxygen
equation:
process of aerobic cellular respiration
C6H12O6--->CO2+H2O+engergy stored in ATP
cell respiration
turns glucose into ATP which is used to do Work
metabolism
Obtaining and Using Energy to do Work
Where does cell respiration occur?
Mitochondrion
Glycolysis
-stage one of cell respiration
-occurs in cytoplasm
Krebs Cycle
-Stage 2 of Cell Respiration
-Occurs in mitochondria
Electron Transport Chain/
ATP Synthesis
-Stage 3 of Cell Respiration
-Occurs in mitochondria
Gylcolysis?
Splitting of Sugar
Glycoisis: glucose splits into two molecuse of _____
pyruvic acid
how many carbons does each pyruvic acid molecule have?
Three
How many carbons does each glucose molevule have before it is split?
Six
How many ATP molecules are needed to get glycolysis started?
Two
In glycolysis, how many ATP molecules are generated from one glucose molecule?
Two
In glycolysis, what is the net gain of ATP from one glucose molecule?
Two
NAD+/NADH and FAD/FADH2
-Made during glycolysis+Krebs Cycle
-Used during electron stransport/atp synthesis
NAD+/NADH and FAD/FADH2
-carrier molecules that transport H+ (protons) and E- (electrons) to the electron transport chain (Stage 3)
In glycolysis, how many NADH molecules are generated from one glucose molecule?
Two
Four things generated in Krebs Cycle
-NADH
-CO2
-ATP
-FADH2
____ is the gas that is used in Electron Transport Chain/ ATP synthesis action. It is needed for aeribic cellular respiration
Oxygen
Besides ATP, what is produced in the 3rd stage?
Water
Maximum number of ATP molecules that can be generated from one glucose molecule
38 ATP molecules