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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree celsius
calorie
the process of constructing carbohydrates from carbon dioxide
calvin cycle
the extraction of energy from pyruvate in the absence of oxygen
fermentation
an important group of photosynthetic pigments in plants and algae
chlorophyll
chief energy-storing molecule used by organisms
ATP
a molecule that absorbs certain wavelengths of light and reflects others
pigment
organisms that cannot make their own food
heterotrophs
the process by which energy is transfered form NAOH and FADH2 to ATP
electron transport
set of reactions that breaks down acetyl-COA to form CO2, ATP, NADH, and FADH
Krets cycle
an organelle that performs photosynthesis
chloroplast
What does ATP stand for?
adenosine triphosphate
the process by which glucose molecules are broken down to release energy
cellular respiration
organisms that can make food from carbon dioxide and an energy source such as sunlight
autotrophs
the process by which autotrophs convert sunlight to a usable form of energy
photosynthesis
the process by which glucose is converted to pyruvate and energy is released
glycolysis