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25 Cards in this Set

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Cytology
The study of cells.
-Logy means: Study of or science of
Robert Hooke
He reported observations using simple miccroscope; he named the structures he say "Cells"
What he ObserveD rhymes with "Bells:
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
The first person to observe living organisms unfer a microscope.(1674)
He's also called the :Father of Microspopy" Because he made over 200 different microscopes
Robert Brown
Describe the Nucleus as a special structure found in all cells(1883)
He described the _____ as a special structure found in cells
J.E.Purkinje
Was the first To use the term protoplasm to refer to the entire contents of cells
He called the entire contents of a cell _______
Protoplasm
A term used to refer to the entire contentes of cells
Matthias Schleiden
Stated that all plants are composed of cells(1838)
He stated that all _____ are composed of ____ in 1838
Theodor Schwann
Stated that all animals are composed of cells(1839)
He stated that all _______ are composed of ____ in 1839
Rudolf Virchow
Proposed that cells arise only from preexisting cells
Proposed that ____ arise only from ___________ cells
Cell Theory
The cell is the basic unit of all living thins.
Cells peform all the functions of living the things
Cells come from the reprodution of existing cells
Unicellar Organisms
Orginasms composed of only one cell
Multicellular Organisms
Organisms composed of many cells.
Colonial Orginsm
A collection of similar cells living together
Tissue
A group of similar cells that work together to carry out a specific function
Organs
Composed of several types of tissues working together to perform a specific function
Organ system
A group of organs that work together to accomplish life functions
Cell junctions
Connections between cells
Tight junctions
Formed by tras-membrane proteins of one cell chemically binding to a similar transmembrane protein of the adjecent cell
Anchoring junctions
Mechanically attached cytoskeleton of one cell to the cytoskeleton of another
Gap junctions
Provides a narrow passageway between cells thst allows small molecules and ions to move directly from the cytoplasm of
Absorption
Latin-ABSORBERE
To absorb
Di-gestion
Di- apart + -gestion
Latin-GERERE To carry out
Excretion
Latin-ERCERNERE
To seperate
E or Ex
Latin-E
Out
Plasmodesmata
Plasmo-Desmata
Greek Greek
PLASSEIN DESMA
To mold Bond