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18 Cards in this Set

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arachebacteria
no pepdiglycern

extreme environments

methanogens: convert oxygen into methane in swamps/sewers

extreme haliophiles: salt loving. use salt for ATP

thermoacidophilis: extreme temperature (up to 110 C) and extreme acidic (as low as 2) environments
eubacteria
bacilli: rod shaped

spirilla: spiral shaped

cocci: spherical

streptococci: strands of cocci

staphylococci: clusters of cocci
Gram Stain
test of bacteria

pink stain if negative

purple stain if positive

positive have a tougher outer membrane
capsule
made of polysaccharides that protect it from drying or harsh chemicals
glycocalyx
capsule full of sticky sugars
pili
short hair like structures that aid in genetic recombination
endospore
protein defense layer that excretes from the bacteria when it is under stress.

freeze cell
saprophytes
feed on dead animals
cell wall
protects cell and gives it shape
outer membrane
protects from antibiotics
cell membrane
regulates movement of materials going in and out of cells
cytoplasm
contains organelles
chromosome
carries genetic information
flagellum
moves cell
photoautotrophs
use sunlight to create food
obligate anerobes
can't survive with oxygen
facultative anerobes
w/ or w/out oxygen
obligate aerobes
have to have oxygen