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15 Cards in this Set

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Algae
group name; not specific
-plant like protists
-aquatic
-have chlorophyll
-have accessory pigments
plankton/phytoplankton
community
-aquatic surface (mostly marine)
-foundation of marine aquatic food chain
Phylum Dinoflagellata (2)
**store food as starch
**red tide if eutrophication
Phylum Chrysophyta (1)
**golden algae
Phylum Bacillariophyta (ex; 2)
ex- diatoms
**store food as oil
**diatoms are source of diatomaceous earth- crystal spiky used for gritty things
Phylum Euglenophyta (ex; 2)
ex: euglena
**photosynthestic but can be heterotrophic if light isn't avaliable
**eyespot "knows" if there is light (chemical reaction)
Phylum Chlorophyta (3)
**green algae
**combine sexually with alternation of generations
**believed to be ancestores to plant kingdom
- have chloroplasts
alternation of generations
when a haploid gametophytic alternates with a diploid sprophyte
Phylums that use alternation of generations (3)
phaeophyta
rhodophyta
chlorophyta
Seaweeds (3)
not a phylum
1. large
2. multicellular
3. marine algae
Holdfast
-part of seaweed
root-like part which anchors seaweeds
stripe
-part of seaweed
stem-like which supports seaweeks
blades
-part of seaweed
leaf-like
surface area for photosynthesis
Phylum Phaeophyta
-phylum of?
-3
phylum of seaweeds
**brown algae
**largest and most complex protists
-photosynthetic
-use alternations of generations
Phylum Rhodophyta
-phylum of?
-2
red algae
-phylum of seaweeds
- use alternation of generations