Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/40

Click to flip

40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Metabolism
The sum of all processes in an organism that converts energy and matter from other sources and uses them to sustain itself.
Anabolism
The sum of all processes in an organism that use energy and simple chemical building blocks to make large chemicals and structures necessary for life.
Catabolism
The sum of all processes in an organism that breaks down chemicals to produce energy and simple chemical building blocks.
Photosynthesis
The process by which green plants and some other organisms use the energy of sunlight and simple chemicals to produce their own food.
Herbivores
Organisms that eat only plants
Carnivores
Organisms that eat organisms other than plants.
Omnivores
Organisms that eat both plants and other organisms.
Producers
Organisms that produce their own food.
Consumers
Organisms that eat living producers and/or other consumers for food.
Decomposers
Organisms that break down the dead remains of other organisms.
Autotrophs
Organisms that can produce their own food.
Heterotrophs
Organisms that depend on other organisms for their food.
Receptors
Special structures that allow living organisms to sense the conditions of their internal or external environments.
Asexual reproduction
Reproduction accomplished by a single organism
Sexual reproduction
Reproduction that requires two organisms.
Inheritance
The process by which physical and biological characteristics are transmitted from the parent(s) to the offspring.
Mutation
An abrupt and marked change in the DNA of an organism from that of its parents.
Hypothesis
An educated guess that tries to explain an observation or answer a question
Theory
A hypothesis that has been tested with a significant amount of data.
Scientific Law
A theory that has been tested and is consistent with generations of data.
Microorganisms
Living creatures that are too small to see with the naked eye.
Abiogenesis
The idea that long ago, very simple life forms spontaneously appeared through chemical reactions.
Prokaryotic Cell
A cell that has no distinct, membrane-bounded organelles.
Eukaryotic Cell
A cell with distinct, membrane-bounded organelles.
Species
A unit of one or more populations of individuals that can reproduce under normal conditions, produce fertile offspring, and are reproductively isolated from other such units.
Taxonomy
The science of classifying organisms.
Binomial Nomenclature
Naming an organism with its genus and species name.
What are the three domains of the Three Domain System?
Archaea, Bacteria, Eukarya
Which domain would Eukaryotic cells be placed?
Eukarya
Which kingdoms would go in the domain Eukarya?
Protista, Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia.
Which kingdom goes in Archea or Bacteria?
Monera.
Who developed the the classification system we just learned and what is it called?
Carrolus Linnaeus and the five-kingdom system.
What is the classification system that has been proposed by those who believe in God and what does it do?
Baraminology attempts to determine the kinds of creatures that God specifically created on earth.
What are the five kingdoms?
Monera, Protista, Fungi, Plantea, and Animilia.
What is the order of the Hierarchical Biological Classification Scheme?
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, and Species.
Who was the man who put Spontanious Generation to rest and in what year?
Louis Pasteur in 1859
Who created the idea of Spontanious Generation and in what year?
Aristotle in 350BC
Name the four criteria of life.
All life forms contain DNA, All life forms have a method by which they extract energy from the surroundings and converts it into energy that sustains them, All life forms can sense changes in their surroundings and respond to them, All life forms reproduce.
Can science prove anything? why or why not?
No it can not. Because the data used in the experiments might be flawed. The best it can say is that all known data support a given statement
Spell DNA
D E O X Y R I B O N U C L E I C