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38 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Nasal Cavity
Filter, Warm and moisten the air entering lungs.
Mucus Membrane
Secrete sticky mucus to trap germs and debris.
Lacrimal (tear)
Drain into the nasal cavity causing a stuffy nose when crying.
Sinusitis
Infection of the sinuses.
Sinus Headache
May occur when a cold or an allergic reaction blocks the duct leading from sinuses.
Pharynx
Located behind the uvula and is a passageway for air, liquids, and foods.
Larynx
Voice box used to generate sound epiglottis closes trachea when swallowing wide vocal cord account for deep voice of male.
Trachea
Windpipe held by concentric rings of cariliage located ventral to esophagus.
Cilia
Sweeps mucus, germ and debris toward throat.
Tracheostomy
breathing tube may be inserted into the trachea when a person is choking due to blocked wind pipe.
Bronchial Tree
Trachea - Bronchii- bronchioles - alveoli (air sacs)
Bronchittis
Infection of the bronchial tubes, constrict and fill with mucus.
Epiglottis
closes traches when swallowing wide.
Lungs
Have about 300 million alveoli and are found in the thoracic cavity.
Pleura
2 Serious membranes one covers the outside of the lungs and the other one lines the pleural cavity.
Pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura.
Alveoli
The aveolar sac is surrounded by blood cappilaries where the exchange of gases occur.
Vidal Capacity
Max volume of air that can be moved in and out during a single breath.
Tidal Volume
Amount of air normally moved in the human body during an inspiration of experation.
Residual Volume
Amount of air remaining in the lungs after a forceful expiration.
Inspiration
The thoracic cavity and Lungs expand so that air is drawn in.
Rib Cage
Moves protects lungs and moves air up and out.
Diaphragm
Dome shaped Muscle contract ands moves air down. Pressure in lungs decrease and air comes rushing in.
Expiration
Thoracic cavity and lungs resume their original position and pressure.
Rib cage
Moves air up and in.
Diaphragm
Relaxes and moves air up. Pressure in the lungs decrease.
Medulla Oblingata
Sends out impulses to the Diaphragm and external entercoastal.
Chemical Input
The amount of CO2 in the blood controls the rate and depth of breathing.
Chemoreceptors
Sensitive to decreased levels of O2 in the blood, communicate with respiratory center to increase.
External Respiration
Exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood.

O2 enters the blood
Co2 leaves the blood.
Internal Respiration
Exchange of gases between the blood and tissue fluid.

O2 leaves Blood
CO2 enters blood
Hemoglobin gives up Oxygen, Most Co2 is carried as a bicarbonate ions.
Upper Respiratory Infections (A) Ottis Medina
(B) Tonsilitis
(A) Middle ear Infection.
(B) Inflammtion of tonsils.
Pneumonia
Infection of lower respiratory tract, Infection of lungs.
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Lower Respiratory, Bacterial infection of lungs.
Chronic Bronchitis
Lower Respiratory, Airways inflammed and filled with mucus.
Emphysema
Chronic and incurable disorder where the surface are available for gas exchange.
Asthma
Lower Respiratory, Disease of the bronchii and bronchioles marked by wheezing breathlessness.
Lung Cancer
More preventable in men thean in woman.