Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Nasal Cavity
Filter, Warm and moisten the air entering lungs.
Mucus Membrane
Secrete sticky mucus to trap germs and debris.
Lacrimal (tear)
Drain into the nasal cavity causing a stuffy nose when crying.
Infection of the sinuses.
Sinus Headache
May occur when a cold or an allergic reaction blocks the duct leading from sinuses.
Located behind the uvula and is a passageway for air, liquids, and foods.
Voice box used to generate sound epiglottis closes trachea when swallowing wide vocal cord account for deep voice of male.
Windpipe held by concentric rings of cariliage located ventral to esophagus.
Sweeps mucus, germ and debris toward throat.
breathing tube may be inserted into the trachea when a person is choking due to blocked wind pipe.
Bronchial Tree
Trachea - Bronchii- bronchioles - alveoli (air sacs)
Infection of the bronchial tubes, constrict and fill with mucus.
closes traches when swallowing wide.
Have about 300 million alveoli and are found in the thoracic cavity.
2 Serious membranes one covers the outside of the lungs and the other one lines the pleural cavity.
inflammation of the pleura.
The aveolar sac is surrounded by blood cappilaries where the exchange of gases occur.
Vidal Capacity
Max volume of air that can be moved in and out during a single breath.
Tidal Volume
Amount of air normally moved in the human body during an inspiration of experation.
Residual Volume
Amount of air remaining in the lungs after a forceful expiration.
The thoracic cavity and Lungs expand so that air is drawn in.
Rib Cage
Moves protects lungs and moves air up and out.
Dome shaped Muscle contract ands moves air down. Pressure in lungs decrease and air comes rushing in.
Thoracic cavity and lungs resume their original position and pressure.
Rib cage
Moves air up and in.
Relaxes and moves air up. Pressure in the lungs decrease.
Medulla Oblingata
Sends out impulses to the Diaphragm and external entercoastal.
Chemical Input
The amount of CO2 in the blood controls the rate and depth of breathing.
Sensitive to decreased levels of O2 in the blood, communicate with respiratory center to increase.
External Respiration
Exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the blood.

O2 enters the blood
Co2 leaves the blood.
Internal Respiration
Exchange of gases between the blood and tissue fluid.

O2 leaves Blood
CO2 enters blood
Hemoglobin gives up Oxygen, Most Co2 is carried as a bicarbonate ions.
Upper Respiratory Infections (A) Ottis Medina
(B) Tonsilitis
(A) Middle ear Infection.
(B) Inflammtion of tonsils.
Infection of lower respiratory tract, Infection of lungs.
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Lower Respiratory, Bacterial infection of lungs.
Chronic Bronchitis
Lower Respiratory, Airways inflammed and filled with mucus.
Chronic and incurable disorder where the surface are available for gas exchange.
Lower Respiratory, Disease of the bronchii and bronchioles marked by wheezing breathlessness.
Lung Cancer
More preventable in men thean in woman.