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17 Cards in this Set

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polymer
large molecule formed by bonding many smaller molecules together
isomer
compounds with the same formula but a different 3-dimensional arrangement of the atoms
carbohydrate
organic compound used by cells to store and release energy
monosaccharide
a simple sugar
disaccharide
two sugar carbohydrates formed by linking two monosaccharide molecules
starch
polysaccharide consisting of highly branched chains of glucose units used as food storage in plants
glycogen
polysaccharide with very highly branched chains of glucose units
cellulose
polysaccharide made of glucose units hooked together
lipid
organic compounds commonly called fats and oils
protein
complex polymer essential to all life composed of amino acids
amino acid
basic building blocks of protein molecules
peptide bond
covalent bond linking amino acids
enzyme
proteins that accelerate chemical reactions but do not hange themselves in the reaction
necleotide
subunits of nucleic acid formed from a simple sugar, a nitrogen base and a phosphate ribosomes
RNA
ribonucleic acid
DNA
deoxyribonucleic acid
nucleic acid
complex macromolecule