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15 Cards in this Set

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process by which a cell divides into two new daughter cells
cell division
part of eukaryotic cell division in which the cell nucleus divides (1st part)
mitosis
division of the cytoplasm during cell division (2nd part)
cytokinesis
one of two identical "sister" parts of a duplicated chromosome
chromatid
area where the chromatids of a chromosome are attached
centromere
period of the cell cycle between cell division
interphase
series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide
cell cycle
1st and longest phase of mitosis; during which the chromosomes become visible and the centrioles separate and take up positions on opposite sides of the nucleus
prophase
one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells; near the nuclear envelope
centriole
fanlike microtubule structure that helps separate the chromosomes during mitosis
spindle
2nd phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell
metaphase
3rd phase of mitosis, during which the chromosome pairs separate and move toward opposite poles
anaphase
4th and final phase of mitosis, during which the chromosomes begin to diseperse into a tangle of dense material
telophase
one in a family of closely related proteins that regulate the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells
cyclin
disorder in which some of the bodies own cells lose the ability to control growth
cancer