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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is biology?
The study of living things
The study of life
What are all living things called?
Organism
What are all things in the environment grouped into?
Living and non living things.
Name (7) of the things that living things do.
Grow,
reproduce,
move,
excrete,
respire,
repond to Stimuli/sensitivity,
feed.
What is food needed for?
food is needed for energy and growth
What do plants use to make their own food?
Sunlight along with water and carbon dioxide.
this produces food and oxygen.
What do you need to make photosynthesis successful?
Water and carbon dioxide
sunlight
chlorophyll,
food
oxygen
What is the chemical formula for water
H2O
Carbon dioxide
CO2
food-glucose
C6H12O6
Oxygen
O2
Give a simple food chain
sunlight
plants
animals
humans
animals in turn eat plants or other animasl for it's food.
What is Respiration?
Getting the energy out of the food we eat.
All living things respire to get energy.
What is needed for respiration to take place?
Oxygen
What is oxygen combined with to produce respiration?
Food
What does oxygen and food produce when combined?
Carbon dioxide, water and energy.
What is excretion?
The process by which we get rid of waste products in our bodies.
How does carbon dioxide leave the body?
Through the urine or sweat.
All living things grow.
Name some that grow all their lives and some that stop growing after a while.
Plants grow all the time
Animals and humans stop growing after a while.
Why is movement important to animal survial?
They need to be able to move to protect themselves, (from preditors and the natural elements of the weather) and they need to move to be able to look and supply food for themselves.
Plants move when they grow.
What moves down and what moves up in a plant?
Roots move down
Stems move up.
Reproduction
All living things make new individuals of themselves. They have to, otherwise they would die and there would be no replacement, so they would become non living.
Sensitivity
All living things react to what is around them.