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61 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are plant cells made of that we cannot digest?
Cellulose
Fats have this kind of backbone with three fatty acids attached?
Glycerol
What are protiens made of that are strung together?
Amino Acids
Waxes, oils, and fats are examples of what?
Lipids
These contain nitrogen, in addition to carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Proteins
RNA and DNA are types of what?
Nucleic Acid
Since sugar mixes with water it has to be what?
Hydrophilic
In the middle of a cell membrane, made with lipids, and is nonpolar.
Hydrophobic
Basic unit of all living things
Cell
These type of proteins help molecules cross the cell membrane
Channel
These type of proteins identify the cell
Marker
Building blocks of cell membranes.
Phospholipid
Stroes water and fats in organelles in the cell
vacuoles
Cell organelle that is responsible for packaging stuff for transport outside the cell
Golgi App.
In photosynthesis, this cycle is the series of steps that builds carbohydrates.
Calvin
In cellular respiration this cycle is the series of steps by which glucose is broken down.
Krebs
Cellular respiration produces this energy carrying molecule used by cells
ATP
Glycolysis is the first part of respiration and does not require oxygen so it is called what?
Anaerobic
When something moves from an area of high concentration to low, it is said to be what in a process called what?
Concentration Gradient/ diffusion
Do all cells have a nucleus?
NO- red blood cells and prokaryotes do not.
Exocytosis is a form of what transport?
Active
How do cells that are too big to diffuse through a cell membrane move across a protein?
Facilitated diffusion
Sunlight is a form of what type of radiation?
electromagnetic
Does oxidative respiration or glycolysis produce more ATP?
Oxidative Respiration
Can organisms live by glycosis alone?
Yes, some
Does chlorophyll reflect or absorb red light?
reflects
Is carbin dioxide a byproduct of photosynthesis?
NO
Chloroplasts are found only in these, 2 things.
Plant and Algae cells
In the egg in our experiment water moved out of the egg into the syrup by what process?
Osmosis
What are the building blocks of all proteins?
Amino Acids
What does a protein's function depend on sometimes?
It's shape
What are saturated fats normally at room temperature, Liquid or solid?
Solid
Do hydrophobic molecules need a special protein to move them across the membrane?
No
These transmit information into the cell
Receptor proteins
Is the cell membrane a double or single layer?
Double Layer
These have a positive and negative end
Polar Molecules
Nucleus
Contains DNA, controls all cell functions
Mitochondria
Produces energy
Cell Wall
Provides structual Support
Ribosome
Builds proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)
Highway for internal transport
Made up of Polypeptides
Protiens
Carries genes in chromosomes
Nucleic Acids
Steroids, for example
Lipids
Sugars, starches for example
Carbohydrates
Occurs in cytoplasm
Glycolysis
Occurs in mitocondria
Oxidative respiration
Occurs in chloroplasts
Photostnthesis
Calvin Cycle
Photosyntheis
2 ATP produced
Glycolysis
36 ATP Produced
Oxidative respiration
Carbon dioxide is produced
Oxidative respiration
Lactic Acid or ethyl alcohol is a byproduct
Oxidative Respiration
Aerobic
Oxidative respiration
Anaerobic
Glycolysis
Kreb's cycle
Oxidative respiration
From your lab is vinegar hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic?
Hypotonic
From your lab is Syrup hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic?
Hypertonic
From your lab is Water hypotonic, hypertonic, or isotonic?
Isotonic
5 characteristic of all living things?
Metabolism (use energy, Cells(made up of), homeostatsis, reproduce, and Hereedity (DNA/RNA)
What does DNA stand for?
Deoxyribonucleic acid