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53 Cards in this Set

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metabolic process
no air
anaerobic respiration
metabolic process requires energy
aerobic respiration
Series of enzyme assist chemical reactions thatg produces a 3 carbon sugar

common method of carbon dioxide fixation
Calvin Cycle
Air
Oxygen
Process where light energy is converted to chemical energy

C6H1206 + 602
Photosynthesis
organisms that must get energy from food instead of directly from sunlight
heterotophs
organisms that use energy from sunlight or chemical bonds in inorganics substances to make organic compounds
autotrophs
movement of a substance from high to low concentration gradients
diffusion
diffusion of water through a selective permeable membrane
osmosis
movement of substance out of a cell vesicle
exocytosis
movement of subsgtance into a cell vesicle
endocytosis
movement across cell membrane that doesn't require energy
passive transport
transport of substance across cell membrane against concentration gradient
active transport
no change
isotonic
causes a cell to swell
hypotonic
causes a cell to shrink
hypertonic
an organelle that harvests energy from organic compounds to make ATP
mitochondria
system of microscopic fibers
cytoskeleton
cellular structure where proteins are made
ribosomes
includes fluid cytoskeleton and all of the organelles but nucleus
cytoplasm
surrounds cell membrane that provides structure and support
cell wall
outer boundary
-encloses cell
-separates cytoplasm from surroundings
cell membrane
structure thaqt crries out specific activities in the cell
organelles
used a crude microscope to observe a thin slice of corkin
1665
saw little boxes and called them cells
Hooke
3 parts
*Living things have 1 or more cells
*All cells arise from existing cells
*Basic units of structure
Cell Theory
0__________7_________14
acidic neutral base

lemon milk soap

vinegar ammonia
Acids and Bases
Nonpolar molecules not soluable or mostly insoluble in water.
Include fats, phospholis, steroids & waxes
lipids
the basic unit of heredity
gene
replacing a defective gene with a normal one
gene therapy
form when 2 or more atoms share electrons to form a molecule
- holds atoms in molecules together
covalent bonds
contain carbon atoms that are covalently bonded to other elements - classes - carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
organic compound
oppositely changed
-afraid of one another
electrons
positively charged (+)
protons
no charge (-)
neutrons
smallest unit of matter
atom
ions of opposite charge may interact to form this
ionic bond
substance made of the joined atoms of 2 or more different elements
compounds
a group of atoms held together by covelant bonds
molecules
a tool used to increase world food supply
genetic egineering
genes
heredity
chemical reaction in the body
metabolism
multiplying of the species
reproduction
the change of species throughout the years
evolution
the body adapts to the temperature
homeostasis
to depend on another species to live
interdependence
variable that is measured in an experiment
dependent variable
a factor that is changed in an experiment
independent variable
a group in an experiment that receives no experimentation treatment
control group
planned procedure to test the hypothesis
experiment
expected outcome of a test assuming hypothesis is correct
prediction
explanation that coulod be true/tested
hypothesis
noting objects w/ 5 senses
observation
the study of life
biology