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35 Cards in this Set

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During which stage of the cell cycle, does DNA replication take place?
S Phase
What is the pricess that starts the splitting of the 6-carbon sugar Glucose into 2,3-carbon sugars called?
Respiration
what is a chart that diagrams genetic relationships among parents and children across generations called?
Pedigree Chart
An individual that has two different alleles for the same trait (gene) is said to be...
heterozygous
The enzyme responsible for transcription is...?
RNA polymerase
Individuals cary 2 copies for every gene located on homologous chromosomes. These genes are called______________?
Alleles
RNA nucleotides contain the bases...?
A,U,C,G
What is the complementary sequence of mRNA for the following DNA?

TGGTAGGCCTAGAT
ACCATCCGGATCTA
Transfer TNA (tRNA) binds to codon sequences of mRNA molecules by complimentary base pairing of their...?
anti-codons
The flow of genetic information in cells from DNA to RNA to protein is called that...?
central dogma
The protein p27 is also called...?
tumor suppressor
A disease where regulation of the cell cycle goes awry and normal cell growth and behavior is lost is caled?
Cancer
The process of converting the information coded in mRNA into protein is called...?
translation
The molecule responsible for ringing the proper amino acid to the ribosome ( the site of protein synthesis) is...?
messenger RNA (mRNA)
What is the process following mitosis by which a cell pinches in half to form 2 identical cells?
cytokinesis
What is the overall summary equation for cellular respiration?
CO2+H2O+energy-->O2
Energy is transferred from one molecule to another via the transfer of electrons by redox reactions. The "red" in redox stands for reduction reaction which by definition is...?
the loss of electrons
the process of converting the info. coded in DNA into RNA is called...?
Transcription
The process of cell division that results in the production of haploid cells is called...?
meiosis
Regulation of gene expression occurs both ___________and__________.
quickly, efficiently
When during the cell cycle does the nucleus of the cell divide?
M phase
In almost all cells of most organisms, there exists 2 of each type of chromosome. These chromosome pairs are called...?
sisters
A cell that contains only one set of chromosomes (such as gametes) is refered to as
haploid
2 positive regulators (pushes the cell cycle forwar) of the cell-cycle are the proteins called...?
cyclin dependent kinesis (cdks) and cyclins
Malignant tumors are tumors that ______________?
metastasize
The most common treatment of all stages of many cancers that uses drugs to kill dividing cells is called________?
chemotherapy
The "ox" in redox stands for oxidation reaction which by definition is
the gain of electrons
The process of cellular respiration that breaks down food products into a high energy molecule that our bodies use called_____________?
ATP
The gene for brown eyes=B
The gene for blue eyes= b
An individual with brown eyes has one gene for brown eyes and one gene for blue eyes. Therefore Bb is this person's......
genotype
Brown eye color is a person's ..........
phenotype
Which of the following is not a type of cancer?

carcinoma
hypercholesterolemia
sarcoma
leukemia
hypercholesterolemia
what is the main disadvantage to most current cancer therapies?
lack of specificity
The universal start codon codes for which amino acid?
methionine
A trait that requires 2 alleles be expressed in order to have a particular phenotype is called a _________ trait?
recessive
What is a codon?
a sequence of 3 nucleotides