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44 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is another name for red blood cells?
erythrocytes
What would the blood pressure of a healthy young adult be?
110/75
the 12 spinal bones that connect to the rib cage
thoracic vertebrae
the 5 lowest and largest bones of the spinal column
lumbar vertebrae
the tailbone
coccyx
the 5 spinal bones that support the neck
cervical vertebrae
a myocardial infarction might be caused by ?
a restricted coronary artery
what is another way to determine whether your red blood cell count is high, low, or normal, besides a red blood cell count (RBC)?
Hematocrit
Where does blood enter the left atrium from?
pulmonary vein
the central nervous system consists of...
the brain and the spinal cord
the relaxation period of the heart chambers is called...
diastole
what is the leading cause of death in the U.S. for both men and women?
cardiovascular disease
What are the two types of proteins within the neuron cell membrane that are necessary for the proper passage of electrical signals in the nervous system?
channels and receptors
the digestive system is also know as...
the gastrointestinal tract
many forms of depression are associated with a deficiency of...
serotonin
What is the procedure in which a cardiologist inserts a balloon catheter into a blocked artery and stretched the artery to allow blood to flow normally again?
angioplasty
What is hypertension?
high blood pressure
What leads from the right ventricle and supplies blood to the lungs?
the pulmonary artery
What is the cell that, given the appropriate signals, is capable of becoming any major cell type of the human body and can replicate indefinitely?
a stem cell
How many different white blood cell types are there?
2
What is the small intestine made up of?
the duodenum, the jejunum, and the ileum
B and T cells originally come from which precursor?
lymphocytes
Which structure is important in preventing heartburn?
the lower esophageal sphincter
Which of the following is not a type of T cell?

helper
cytoxic
agitator
suppressor
suppressor
Nerve cells of the peripherial nervous systems are called ______________ if they are taking a message to the spinal cord and hence brain?
afferent
which of the following is not part of a neuron?

Cell body
Dendrite
Cerebrum
Axon
Cerebrum
Where does the swelling of Rheumatoid Arthritis primarily occur?
Synovium
The peripheral nervous system can be divided into...?
Somatic and Autonomic
What is the region of a neuron responsible for receiving information from asons on other neurons?
Dendrites
Which of the following is not a neurotransmitter?

Serotonin
Dopamine
Insulin
Acetycholine
Insulin
What type of diabetes results from the inability of the pancreas to make insulin?
Type 1 Diabetes
what is the primary role of the large intestine?
reabsorb water and then eliminate drier residues as feces
What is the second largest part of the brain that coordinates muscles and maintains balance?
Cerebellum
What is the part of the joint that attaches muscle to bones?
Ligament
What is the tough, rubbery tissue that cushions the ends of the bones at contact point is a healthy joint?
Synovium
Which type of muscle makes up the wall of the heart?
Cardiac
What is the membranous network that surrounds myofibrils and serves as a site for Ca2+ storage?
Sarcoplasmic Reticulum
What are the two main proteins responsible for muscle contraction?
Actin and Myosin
Meningitis affects the...
Membranes around your brain and spinal cord
Which of the following is not an accessory organ of the digestive system?

Pancreas
Gall Bladder
Diaphram
Liver
Diaphram
What is the primary role of B cells?
Activate cytotoxic T cells
Bile is produced by what digestive organ?
Liver
Which of the following are not part of the large intestine?

Sigmoid Colon
Transverse Colon
Ascending Colon
Crosswise colon
Crosswise Colon
Veins...
Carry blood to the heart