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33 Cards in this Set

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boitic factor
The prokaryotes, protist, animals, fungi, and plants in the environment
abiotic factor
the non-living physical and chemical conditions
population
a group of individual organisms of them same species living in a paticular area
community
all of the organisms inhabiting a particular area
ecosystem
includes the abiotic factors and biotic factors in an area
biosphere
the sum of all Earth's ecosystems
habitat
soecific environments in which organisms live
tropics
the region that lies between 23.5 degrees N latitude and 23.5 degrees S latitude
polar zones
the region north of the Artic Circle and the region souyh of the Antarctic
tempterate zones
The latitudes in between the tropics and and the polar zonesin each hemisphere
current
a river-like flow pattern within a body of water
microclimate
the climate in a specific area that varies from the surrounding climate region
biome
The major types of terrestrial ecosystems that cover large regions of the Earth
tropical rain forest
one major type of rain forest
savannah
grasslands with scattered trees
desert
land areas recieveing lass than 30 centimeters in rain per year
chaparral
a temperate coastal biome dominated by dense evergreen shribs
Temerate Grassland
a biome that is charaterized as, deep, nutrient-rich soil that supports a variety of grass species and other plants.
temperate deciduous forest
dense stands of deciduous tree that drop their leaves every year
coniferous forest
towering cone-bearing evergreen trees such as pine, spruce, fir, and hemlock
tundra
bitterly cold temperatetures and high winds
permafrost
permantly frozen subsoil
photic zone
the shallow water close to shore and the upper zone of water away from shore
phytoplankton
microscopic algea and cyanobacteria that carry out photosynthesis
aphotic zone
the deep, murky areas of lake, where light levels are too low to support photosynthesis
benthic zone
bottom of any aquatic ecosystem
estuary
streams and rivers merge with ocean water
pelatic zone
open water above the ocean floor
intertidal zone
the area of shore between the high-date and low-tide lines
nertitic zone
the area of ocean from low-tide line out to the edge of the continental shelf
oceanic ocean
the vast open from the edge of the continental shelf outward
zooplankton
microscopic animals that inahbit the photic zone and in turn are a source of food for other animals
hydrothermal vents
spots on the ocean floor where hot gases and minerals escape from Earth's interior into the water