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21 Cards in this Set

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plastids
PLANT organelles that take many forms. involved in the storage of food and pigments
ex. Chloroplast, Leukoplasts, chromoplasts
Leukoplasts
a type of plastid that stores starch granules
Chromoplasts
a type of plastid that stores/produces pigment molecules
Cytoskeleton
composed of a variety of filaments and fibers that support cell structure and drive cell movement
1. cell membrane
2.ER
3.Microtube
4.Microfilament
5.Ribosome
6. Mitochondrion
Microtubule
support hairlike structures known as cilia(short, thread-like structures that help unicellar organism move) and flagella(long, whiplike structures that help unicellular organisms move about.
Microfilaments
long, thin fibers that function in the movement and support of the cell. Permits the movement of the cytoplasm within the cell.
Prokaryotes
organisms without nuclei
Eukaryotes
Organisms that contain nuclei
Nuclear Envelope
2 membranes that are combined to from around the nucleus. Contains thousands of small openings. This is where molecules enter and leave the nucleus
Nucleolus
made up of RNA and protiens. Makes parts of ribosomes.
Chromosomes
contain the genetic information of the cell inside the nucleus
Cytoplasm
the area between the nucleus and the cell membrane
Mitochrondirion
changes the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use.
Chloroplast
trap the energy of sunlight and convert it into chemical energy.
ribosomes
structures in which proteins are made. composed of RNA and protein and are free in the cytoplasm
endoplasmic reticulum
transports materials through the inside of the cell. 2 types:Smooth and rough. AKA the ER
Gogi apparatus
modifies, collects, packages, and distributes molecules made at one location of the cell and used at another... they add specail enzymes
lysosomes
small membrane-bordered structures that contain chemicals and enzymes necessary for digesting certain materials in the cell
Vacuoles
store material such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates. Plant cells' are filled with water and that enables them to grom strong and tall
Cell membrane
regulates what enters and leaves the cell and also aids in the protection and support of the cell.
Cell wall
lies outside the cell membrane, very porous, helps to protect and support the cell