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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
monomer
small unit that can join together with other small units to form polymers
polymer
large compound formed from combonations of many momomers
carbohydrates
compound made up of carbon, hydrogyen, and oxygen atoms: major source of energy for the human body
monosaccaride
single sugar molecule
polysaccaride
a large molecule formed from monosaccarides
lipids
fats oils and waxes: macromolecules made mainly from carbon and hydrogyen atoms
nulectic acids
a macromolecule containing hydrogyen, oxygen, nitrogen, carbon, and phospherous
nucleotide
momomer of nucleic acid made up of 5 carbon sugar, a phospherous group, and a nitrogeniuous base
ribonucleic acid or RNA
single stranded nucleic acid that contains the sugar ribose
deoxyribonucleic acid or DNA
nucleic acid that contains the sugar deoxyribose
protein
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogyen, oxygen and nitrogen
amino acid
compound with an amino group on one end and a carboxyl group on the other
chemical reaction
a prosses that changes one set of chemicals into another set
reactant
element or compound that enters into a chemical reaction
product
element or compound produced by a chemical reaction
activation energy
energy needd to start a reaction
catalyst
substance that speeds up a reaction
enzyme
a protein that acts as a biological catalyst
substrate
reactants of an enzyme- catalyzed reaction