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32 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Chaperonins
a protein that assists a newly forming protein
Hydrolysis Reaction
the reverse of a condensation reaction, digest polymers and produce monomers
Steriods
any of numerous lipids based on a 17- carbon atom ring system.
Saturated Fatty Acids
all the bonds between the carbon atoms
Peptide linkage
the connecting group in a protein chain
RNA
a nucleic acid using ribose
Monosaccharides
such as glucose, ribose, or fructose
DNA
the fundamental hereditary material of all liveing
Phospholipids
cellular materials that contain phosphorus
Amino acids
an organic compound of the general formula, where R can be one of 20 or more different side groups.
a Helix
type of proteinnn secondary structure\
Nucleic acids
a long chain alternating polymer of deoxyribose or ribose
Triglyceride
a simple lipid in which three fatty acids are combined
Nucleotid
the region that harbors the chromosomes
Proteins
one of the most fundamental building substances of living organisms.
R group
in amino acids determine the three dimensional structure and function of the macromolecule
Tertiary structure of proteins
the relative locations in three dimensional space of all the atoms in the molecule.
Quaternary structure of proteins
of aggregating proteins, the aggangement of polypeptide subuints
Monomers
a small molecule, two or more of which can be combined to form oligomers.
Condensation Reactions
two molecules become connected
Pentose
five carbon sugars
Enzymes
increases the rates of chemical reactions in cells, a function known as catalysis.
Disulfide bridge
covalent bond, which helps to determine how a protein chain folds.
Phoshodiester Linkage
the connection in a nucleic acid strand
Polysaccharides
macromolecules composed of many monosaccarides
Nucleosides
nucleic acids are composed of
Polymers
a large molecule made up of similar or identical subunits called monomers.
Beta helix
formed from two or more polypeptide chains
Glycosidic linkage
the connection in an oligosaccharide or polysaccharide chain
Disaccharides
carbohydrates made up of two
Carotenoids
a family of light-absorbing pigments
Unsaturated Fatty Acids
the hydrocarbon chain contains one or more double bonds