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42 Cards in this Set

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a temporary collection of cells that comes together for a period of time and then separates
Aggregation
Historical term for photosynthetic protists – not accepted by all scientists
Alga
life cycle in which in which a haploid gamete –producing individual (gametophyte) alternates with a diploid spore-producing individual (saprophyte)
Alternation of generations
a protist that moves using flexible, cytoplasmic extensions
Amoeba
in cells, one hairlike structure in tightly packed rows that are used for movement
Cilium
collection of cells that are permanently associated but in which little or no integration of cell activity occurs
Colonial Organism
photosynthetic unicellular protist of the phylum Bacillariophyta
Diatom
: process in which the cells of a multicellular individual become specialized during development
Differentiation
members of the phylum Euglenophyta
Euglenoid
slender filament that is part of the body of a multicellular fungus
Hypha
animal that lacks a backbone
Invertebrate
stage of the life cycle of the protist Plasmodium in which the protist divides rapidly in red blood cells and produces many more merozoites
Merozoite
an organism that consists of many cells that are permanently associated and integrated in their activates
Multicellular Organism
collection of tissues that work together to perform a particular function
Organ
group of organs that function together to carry out a major activity in the body
Organ System
protist of the phylum Myxomycota; characterized nu multinucleate amoeboid appearance
Plasmodium
a member of the kingdom Protista
Protist
historic term for a heterotrophic protist
Protozoan
extension of cytoplasm of the amoeba that enables it to move
Pseudopodium
in fungi, a wall-like division between cells within a hypha; wall that internally divides body segments in annelids; thick wall that divides the heart’s atrium or ventricle into right and left halves
Septum
spore capsule in which haploid spores are produced by meiosis
Sporangium
one of three stages of Plasmodium that lives in mosquitoes and its injected into humans
Sporozoite
group of cells with a common structure and function
Tissue
type of plant tissue that contains specialized cells that distribute water and other nutrients within the body of the plant
Vascular Tissue
animal with a backbone
Vertebrate
unicellular, heterotrophic protist that is a member of the phylum Zoomastigina
Zoomastigote
Diploid zygote that results from the pairing of gametes of opposite mating types
Zygospore
Slipper Animal
Paramecium
Regulates water contact
Contractile Vacuole
involved in conjugation
Micro Nucleus
Digests food
Food Vacuole
activity of cell
Macro Nucleus
used in movement
Cilia
used in defense
Trichocysts
channels food into paramecium, eating
Oral Grove
Gives paramecium a specific shape
Pellicle
Channels food into food vacuole
Gullet
Gullet is constantly forming food vacuole
Forming Food Vacuole
Remove waste
Anal Pore
movement and getting food
Pseudopodia
Does not give shape
Cell membrane
Digests Food
Food vacuole