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15 Cards in this Set

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GENETICS
SCIENCE OF HEREDITY
GREGORY MENDEL
AUGUSTINIAN MONK WHO DISCOVERED THE FUNDEMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF GENETICS BY BREEDING GARDEN PEAS.
STAMEN
A POLLEN-PRODUCING MALE REPRODUCTIVE PART OF A FLOWER, CONSISTING OF A STALK AND AN ANTHER.
CARPEL
THE FEMALE PART OF THE FLOWER, CONSISTING OF A STALK WITH AN OVARY AT THE BASE AND A STIGMA, WHICH TRAPS POLLEN, AT THE TIP.
ANTHER
A SAC WHICH POLLEN GRAINS DEVELOP, LOCATED AT THE TIP OF A FLOWER'S STAMEN.
STIGMA
THE STICKY TIP OF A FLOWER'S CARPEL, WHICH TRAPS POLLEN GRAINS.
HYBRIDS
THE OFFSPRING OF TWO DIFFERENT VARIETIES. THE CROSS FERTILIZATION ITSELF IS HYBRIDIZATION OR SIMPLY A CROSS.
ALLELE
AN ALTERNATIVE FORM OF A GENE.
DOMINANT ALLELE
IN A HETEROZYGOTE, THE ALLELE THAT DETERMINES THE PHENOTYPE(EXPRESSED TRAIT) WITH RESPECT TO A PARTICULAR GENE.
RECESSIVE ALLEVE
IN A HETEROZYGOUS INDIVIDUAL, THE ALLELE THAT HAS NO NOTICEABLE EFFECT ON THE PHENOTYPE(EXPRESSED TRAIT OF AN ORGANISM).
HETEROZYGOUS
HAVING TWO DIFFERENT ALLELES FOR A GIVEN GENE.
PUNNETT SQUARE
DIAGRAM USED IN THE STUDY OF INHERITANCE TO SHOW THE RESULTS OF RANDOM FERTILIZATION.
PHENOTYPE
THE EXPRESSED TRAITS OF AN ORGANISM.
GENOTYPE
THE GENETIC MAKEUP OF AN ORGANISM.
HOMOZYGOUS
HAVING TWO INDENTICAL ALLELES FOR A GIVEN GENE.