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68 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Radicle
becomes the primary root of the plant
Lateblight
Caused a fungus that destroyed Ireland's potato crops
Five grasses produce __% of the world's food supply.
75%
How many of the top 11 plants are grasses? Name them.
Five: wheat, rice, corn, sugar cane, sorghum
__% of plants supply 95% of the world's food supply.
.00314
Of the 300 widely cultivated plants, __ produce __% of the world's food supply.
11, 95%
How many plants are widely cultivated?
300
Of all the plants in the world, how many are used for food?
3,000
How many species of insects are there?
800,000-1 million
How many species of plants are known?
350,000
Seed plants give us __% of the total direct food from plants.
99%
The No. 1 source of food in the world:
seed plants
Armour potted meat contains ...
mechanically separated chicken
beef tripe (stomach wall)
partially defatted cooked beef fatty tissue
beef hearts
partially defatted cooked pork fatty tissue
Swift premium potted meats
beef tripe, pork stomachs, rendered (boiled) beef fat, lard, beef hearts, tissue solids
Unhealthy foods on the Top 33 Most Consumed Foods list:
refined sugar
oil and edible fats
ice cream
shortening
margarine
butter
lard
The fourth most consumed food in the United States
refined sugar
The most consumed food in the United States
Milk (fluid and cream)
291 lbs a year per person
About how many kids nowadays are overweight?
50%
The biggest health problems in America
heart disease and diabetes
__ cause the most allergies. In the United States, __ million people are allergic to them
Peanuts
1.5 million
Filth level of canned mushrooms
20 maggots in a 3.5 oz can
Filth level of chocolate
1 rodent hair per 100 g
or
1 sample: 60 microscopic insect fragments or an average of 1.5 rodent hairs
How many children died last year from starvation and malnutrition?
6 million
Most Americans eat __-__ lbs of insects every year. That's like eating __ bees.
1-2 lbs
7,000 bees
The number of new mouths to feed every year is equal to:
the entire population of Mexico
Three parts of a pistil
ovary
stigma
style (supports stigma)
Stigma
enlarged part of petal
("the usually apical part of the pistil of a flower which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate")
gymnoecium
female household
("the aggregate of carpels or pistils in a flower")
stamens
make up the androecium
("the pollen-producing male organ of a flower that consists of an anther and a filament")
corolla
whorl made of petals
("the part of a flower that consists of the separate or fused petals and constitutes the inner whorl of the perianth")
calyx
outer whorl, made of sepals
("the usually green outer whorl of a flower consisting of sepals")
whorl
Circular arrangement of parts. There are four whorls: calyx, corolla, stamens, and gynoecium
("an arrangement of similar anatomical parts (as leaves) in a circle around a point on an axis")
androecium
all of the stamens of the plant ("the aggregate of stamens in the flower of a seed plant")
diecious
"ecious" means "household"
Word refers to the plant, not the flower
having staminate and pistillate flowers borne on different individuals
receptacle
the part of the plant that the flower rests upon
("the end of the flower stalk upon which the floral organs are borne")
monecious
having pistillate and staminate flowers on the same plant
hypogenous flower
the flower parts (sepals, petals, stamen) are connected below the ovary
epogynous flower
flower parts are connected above the ovary and go around the flower
carpel
a lobe of a compound ovary

("one of the ovule-bearing structures in an angiosperm that comprises the innermost whorl of a flower")
germination
resumption of growth

starts when the radicle breaks through the seed coat and grows down
perianth
made of sepals and petals
("the floral structure comprised of the calyx and corolla especially when the two whorls are fused")
emergence
when they hypocotyl breaks through the ground
Pests consume or destroy __%-__% of our foods, even using pesticides.
25%-40%
__% of the total agricultural effort is to feed __.
80%
humans
What are the 11 plants that produce 95% of the world's food supply?
wheat
rice
corn
Irish potatoes
sweet potatoes
sugar cane
cassava
beans
coconuts
bananas
sorghum
Testa
Seed coat
Tepals
When sepals and petals are identical (ex: gladiola)
Sepals are on the outside; petals are on the inside.
Seed
a ripened ovule
Fruit
a ripened ovary
Ovule
Structures inside the ovary that develop into seeds. Each ovule can produce only one seed.
Embryo
a young plant that develops from a zygote
Zygote
Single 2n cell formed by fertilization. When it divides, it becomes an embryo. A fertilized egg.
Fertilization
Union of the egg and sperm
Egg
female gamete (1n)
Sperm
male gamete (1n)
Pollination
the process whereby pollen transfers from stamens to the pistil
Accessory fruit
fruit that develops from the ovary and some other associated part (apples)
Inferior ovary
when the pistil is embedded in the receptacle
True fruit
develops only from the ovary (plums, cherries)
Superior ovary
when the pistil is resting on top of the receptacle
Complete flower
Has all four whorls
Perfect flower
One with stamens and pistils
Imbibition
the passive intake of water that allows seeds to enlarge
Imperfect flower
one that lacks either male or female parts; has a whorl missing (has either stamens or pistils)
Hypocotyl
transition zone
("the part of the axis of a plant embryo or seedling below the cotyledon")
Plumule
(epicotyl) first bud or shoot of plant
("the primary bud of a plant embryo usually situated at the apex of the hypocotyl and consisting of leaves and an epicotyl")
Filth level of chocolate
1 rodent hair on average
Filth level of whole pepper
1% mammalian excreta per pound on average