Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/52

Click to flip

52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Answers that are more specific are said to be _________; answers that are more general are said to be ___________.
proximate; ultimate
What suffix is indicative of an enzyme?
-ase
What is the original source of diversity?
gene mutation
What are alleles?
alternative expressions of the same gene
What is substitution?
replacement of one codon/base
Which has a larger effect: substitution or insertion?
insertion
What is insertion?
insertion of a new base; creates faulty tandems from that point on
What is frame shift?
a change in the order in which bases/codons appear in tandems
what are the four environmental causes of gene mutation?
ultraviolet radiation, ionizing radiation, natural chamicals, synthetic chemicals
What are transposable elements?
chunk of DNA that jumps out of position and inserts itself elsewhere
What is the BYU packet?
1992 disertation of church stance on Evolution
How many genes are in the human genome?
30,000
What is segregation?
pairs of alleles separate during gamete formation
What is Independent Assortment?
random event; the whole pair moves seperately
What is "n"?
number of pairs in a diploid of chromosomes
Most cells are _________, but sex cells are _________.
diploid; haploid
What is the advantage of a logarithmic axis?
linearize data on a graph
What are the cources of variation?
gene mutation, crossing over, independent assortment, fertilization, change in chromosome # of structure
What is codominance?
both traits expressed
What is pleiotropy?
multiple results from same gene
what are multiple alleles?
many possible alleles for a gene, instead of just two
The diversity of the living world hinges on ________ and ________
continuity and increase
What kind of cell division results in half-copies?
meiosis
Sexual Reproduction results in more ______ than asexual reproduction
diversity
Why do asexual beings spread more quickly?
don't have to waste energy on advertisement
What are the advantages of asexual reproduction?
quickly fill a habitat, unity, similarity
what are the four players in translation?
1. messenger RNA: mRNA: template, pattern
2. transfer RNA: tRNA: material handler
3. Ribosome, w/rRNA: assembly machinery (includes enzymes)
4. Polypeptide chain: product, becomes a protein.
where does translation take place?
cytoplasm
what is the product of transcription?
RNA
What is the product of translation?
protein
If you are making a strand of RNA and the corresponding DNA strand has the following code, what will the RNA code be?:
AGT CTA
UCA GAU
What scientific journals should we pay attention to?
PNAS, Science, and Nature
What is the name of the female part of the flower?
carpel
What is the name of the male part?
stamen
why do we have a sex drive?
reproduction and willingness to pair
Who was the father of evolution?
lamarck
Who was the inventor of the phrase "natural selection?"
Alfred Russel Wallace
What is natural selection comprised of?
Natural Selection:
1. Over production
2. Limited Resources
3. Genetic Variation
4. Survival of the Adequate
What are examples of endosymbionts?
mitochondria and chloroplasts
What are homologous chromosomes?
chromosomes that correspond to the same gene
What does Gene Regulation do?
regulates order by which genes are activated
If you are making a strand of RNA and the corresponding DNA strand has the following code, what will the RNA code be?:
AGT CTA
UCA GAU
What scientific journals should we pay attention to?
PNAS, Science, and Nature
What is the name of the female part of the flower?
carpel
What is the name of the male part?
stamen
why do we have a sex drive?
reproduction and willingness to pair
Who was the father of evolution?
lamarck
Who was the inventor of the phrase "natural selection?"
Alfred Russel Wallace
What is natural selection comprised of?
Natural Selection:
1. Over production
2. Limited Resources
3. Genetic Variation
4. Survival of the Adequate
What are examples of endosymbionts?
mitochondria and chloroplasts
What are homologous chromosomes?
chromosomes that correspond to the same gene
What does Gene Regulation do?
regulates order by which genes are activated