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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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1/2 of the living organisms in the world are comprised of what type of species
insects
Dr. Nelson loves 'em
1/4 of insects are comprised of this type of bug
beetle (coleoplera)
dung it!
1/4 of living organisms are made up of this type of species
plants
not bugs
cladogram
tree representation of the relations of animals
geneology
Classification order, from greatest to smallest
Kingdom
phylum
class
order
family
genus
species
KPCOFGS
Ethel Waxham found beauty in what state?
Wyoming
more antelope than people
psaticsorus
parrot-like beak creature from ancient era
caw! caw!
Why do we have a head?
sensory imput, rpocessing, food intake, nerves, brain
lots of reasons. heads are good.
if you're in a rainforest, and you shine a flashlight, what can you see?
spider eyes, like "diamonds, pinpoints of light winking on and off"
ewwww...
Eidetic Image
image that "brings it all back"
for E.O. Wilson, it's the lightning
EO Wilson quote on solitude
"solitude is better for weeding out ideas than for creating them"
weeding v. making
What type of animals did Wilson think made up a "chorus"?
red howler monkeys
hey hey, we're the --, people say we -- around!
What, according to Wilson, is the way of the non-human world?
"the physical environment slams into the resilient forces of life, and nothing much happens."
slams
How much force does it take to break the ___ of evolution?
crucible
Tituba
exterpation
extinction in a local area
like a mini-death
According to wilson, what happens when man makes a big, new, persuasive idea?
an army of cities soon gathers
what would you do?
FIVE MAJOR EXTINCTIONS
ordovician, devonian, permian, triassic, Kretaceous
odptk/c
biggest extinction
permian
not triassic
tertiary average
it takes 20 million years to recover from an extinction
involves extinction recovery
What is memorable: size? ferocity?
no, rarity
3-part
4 problems of biological species concept:
sibling species, asexual species, hermaphroditic species, chronospecies
sahc
biological species concept
natural interbreeding in a population
3 part
three sources of information
controlled experiment, natural experiment, compilations of fortuitous info
cnc
what are the 4 major factors of banding?
water, temperature, elevation, latitude
characteristics of deserts
about 30 degree latitude either direction; less than 10 cm. per year
characteristics of chapparal
shrubs, sometimes firetolerant, primarily located around mediterranean
characteristics of cheatgrass
short lifespan; springs up and then dies. "cheats" farmers out of land
characteristics of savanna
seasonal grasses, some trees(but no complete canopy), 90-150cm rain annually
grasslands
25-100 cm. taller grasslands get more rain.
6 common elements
C,H,O,N,P,S

Susan Peters Never Offers Hot Chocolate
hydrogen bonds
weak attractions between partially charged atoms
why is water important?
polar, thermal buffer, cohesion, solvent
organic compound
compound containing carbon
what is the quick storage form in biology?
sugar
4 most common carbs:
cellulose: woody part of trees, starch, long-term energy in plants, glycogen: equivalent of starch for animals, chitin: insects & fungi
3 uses of lipids
fats, oils, and waxes
2 main types of proteins
structural and enzymes
4-letter combo of nucleotides
TGCA
ATP Adenosine Triphosphate
energy's common currency
Species Richness
# of species in a plot
Species Abundance
amount of one specific specie in a plot
hadley cell
process of making deserts more arid through evaporation and cooling
abiotic factors
light, temperature, moisture, water, nutrients, fire, edaphic factors
edaphic factors
factors related to soil
homology
same by genetics
analogy
same by function