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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
most abundant carbon compounts in living organisms
carbohydrates
a major source of energy
carbohydrates
monosaccarides, disaccharides and polysaccharides
carbohydrates
glucose, fructose & galactose
carbohydrates
sucrose, lactose, & maltose
carbohydrates
long chains that are relatively insoluble in water, and therefore are useful as storage compounds or structural components
carbohydrates
starch
carbohydrates
contribute to structure of cell membranes and mucus
carbohydrates
hydrophobic organic molecules that are insoluble in water
lipids
triglycerides
lipids
stores most energy per gram
lipids
high ratio of carbon/hydrogen to oxygen
lipids
long hydrocarbon chain with a polar carboxylic acid group at one ned
lipids
can be solid or liquid at room temperature
lipids
have hydrophobic tails and hydrophillic heads
lipids
steroids
lipids
cholesterol
lipids
comes from animal products & is needed by the body to synthesize sex hormones & other steroids
lipids
eicosanoids
lipids
prostaglandins
lipids
leukotrines
lipids
participate in allergy and inflammation
lipids
most diverse carbon compounds in living organisms
proteins
keratin (makes up hair & nails)
proteins
hemoglobin
proteins
insulin
proteins
act as chemical messengers
proteins
antibodies
proteins
enzymes
proteins
catalyze chemical reactions
proteins
polymers of amino acids
proteins
contains an amino group, a carboxyl group, and a radical group attatched to a central carbon atom
proteins
primary, secondary, tertiary & quaternary structure
proteins
coiled alpha helix
proteins
beta pleated sheet
proteins
polypeptide
proteins
denaturation
proteins
protein molecules that act as biological catalysts to speed up rate of a reaction without being changed or used up
proteins
active site
proteins
substrates
proteins
enzyme substrate comples
proteins
inhibitors
proteins
consists of a pentose sugar, one or more phosphate groups and a ring shaped nitrogenous base
nucleic acids
polymers of nucleotides
nucleic acids
DNA
nucleic acids
consists of two long chains of deoxynucleotides organized in a double helix
nucleic acids
adenine, thymine, cytosine, guanine
nucleic acids
sugar phosphate backbone
nucleic acids
complementary base pairs
nucleic acids
stores genetic information
nucleic acids
a chain of ribonucleotides
nucleic acids
adenosine triphosphate
nucleic acids
contains ribose, three phosphate groups attatches to 5' carbon and adenine attatched to 1' carbon
nucleic acids
stores and supplies energy for biochemical reactions
nucleic acids