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25 Cards in this Set

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4 reasons for decline in biological diversity
1 - species into
2 - pollution
3 - habitat alteration
4 - hunting
What did endangered species act do?
- created list for endangered/threatened
- protects critical habitat
- creates/implements recovery plan
intrinsic value
species are good for their own sake
instrumental value
species are good for humans
5 major kingdoms
Monera
Protista
Myceta
Plantae
Animalia
Why is preservation of bio diversity important?
- keystone species
- predators maintain population equilibrium
- partners to maintain elaborate food chains/webs
example of species into
(decrease in bio diversity)
gypsy moth
example of pollution
(decrease in bio diversity)
mercury pollution and decline of Indiana cave bat
example of habitat alteration
(decrease in bio diversity)
loss of suitable habitat
example of hunting
(decrease in bio diversity)
passenger pigeon
4 values of wild species
1 - agriculture
2 - medicine
3 - recreation
4 - intrinsic
definition of biological diversity
diversity of living things found in natural world
Lacey Act
Nation's 1st wildlife protection law :
prompted by concern about interstate profits from illegally taken game
Candidate species
substantial info to support listing, but no funding
Threatened
Likely to become endangered
Critical Habitat
geographic area with features essential to preservation
Extinction
complete loss
Extripated
no longer exitst in a part of its range but may exist elsewhere - may be recovered if critical habitat is restored
Biological assesment
Agency proposing land management project must outline impact to species - reviwed by US Fish/Wildlife to determine
Monera
single-cell prokaryote (bacteria)
Protista
single cell eukaryote (algae)
Mycetae
multi cell absorbative heterotroph (mushroom)
Plantae
multi cell autotroph
Anamalia
multi cell heterotroph
2 in muskingum county that are on ESA
endangered - indiana bat
threatened - bald eagle