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10 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Summation
The sum effect of excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmitters. If the sum effect is positive in charge it will cause depolarization and if the sum effect is negative in charge it will cause hyperpolarization.
Anterograde Amnesia
The loss of the ability to create new memories after the event that caused amnesia occurs.
Which Ion has the lowest concentration inside the cell relative to its concentration outside of the cell?
Calcium
Neuromuscular Junction
The synapse between a nerve cell and a muscle cell.
H.M.
A patient who developed severe epilepsy after a head injury. Doctors then removed his hippocampus and adjoining brain regions to control his seizures, and as a result he could not transfer short term memories into long term memories.
Retrograde Amnesia
The loss of memories that were created prior to the event that caused the amnesia.
This Pharmacologist used an experiment with two frog hearts to show that a chemical signal is released from an axon at the synapse. He is known as "The Father of Neuroscience".
Otto Loewi
Ligand
A chemical that binds to something else.
mRNA
A portable form of DNA that is transcribed from DNA and carries instructions for protein synthesis.
Early LTP
The strengthening of a synapse which causes the synapse to produce about twice as much voltage in response to subsequent stimulations after it has received a high frequency impulse. This strengthening can be short-lived without permanent strengthening of the synapse or late LTP.