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32 Cards in this Set

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Covalent
organic bonds - non-metals
Ionic
metal + non-metal
Covalent Peptide Bonding
Carbon + Nitrogen = Peptide (protein)
Oxidation
losing electrons
reductions
gaining electrons
OH -
Basic
H +
Acidic
Buffers
Keep pH constant
Amino Acids
Carboxyl (COOH) + Amino group
-ring structure w. protein
- linked together = polymer
Enzymes
break down covalent peptire bonds, cut them apart
peptide
one bond
dipeptide
2 bonds
polypeptide
many
Primary Structure
linear
DNA
Secondary structure ( condensed
glucose + gluclose
maltose
starch
energy storage for plants
cellulose
plants uprightness
consensation synthesis (dehydration)
water coming off

monomer + monomer = X + H2O
Hydrolosis/degregation
one protein/starch + water
water breaks it up
saturated
double bonds + kinks
Nucleic Acids
DNA, RNA = Helix Structure, blueprint for proteins
____ + _____ (Nucleic Acids
phosphate + pentose + Nitrogen (ring)
LDL
low density liprotein
(Plaque vessels)
HDL
high density liprotein
(clears cholestorol)
Water characteristics
Momentary H-bond, gives polarity, ability to form ice
Organic Molecules characteristic
Carbon + Hydrogen
inlcude Oxygen Nitrogen Phosphorus
Carbon bonds with itself or others
Nitric Acid
checks for protein, turns protein yellow
Simple sugar, pentose, hexose, glucose
1, 5, 6
Glucose + Glucose =
Maltose
Lipids/fats composed of
Carboxyl (COOH)
Glycerol (hate water)
3 fatty acids
Phospholipids (if p is present)
Saturated vs Unsaturated
Saturated = tails (bad)