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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
components of food and drink that provide growth, replacement and energy
there are 6 of them...
carbs
lipids
proteins
vitamins
minerals
water
the hydrolysis of starches, fats and proteins into smaller units that can be absorbed and metabolized is called?
digestion
1000 cal or 1kcal is called?
a nutritional calorie
the energy req. for a body @ rest is called?
basal caloric requirement
the main source of energy in a diet
carbs
dissacharides are composed of?
lactose and sucrose
monosaccharides are composed of?
gluclose and fructose
digestion of carbs starts where?
in the mouth
a-Amylase, B-Amalase and Debraching enzymes all break down what kninds of bonds?
glycosidic
__ provides the most concentrated source of energy?
fats
this enzyme catalyzes (helps) the hydrolysis (breakdown) of lipids(fats)
lipases
_ _ are synthesized (made) in the liver, stored in the gallbladder, emulsify (loosen up) water-insoluable dietary fats so they can be acted on by lipases
bile salts
fats are hydrolyzed into _ _.
fatty acids
complex lipids are hydrolyzed into fatty acids, _ and_. these products are absorbed thru the _ )_.
alcohol and carbs

intestinal walls
Proteins are used for energy but their main purpose is to furnish _ _ from which the body can make it's own proteins.
amino acids
digestion of proteins begins with __ which denatures the proiten.
cooking
_ and _ in the stomach hydrolyze proteins during digestion.
HCL and digestive enzymes
most protein digestion occurs in the __ intestine.
small
the 10 essential amino acids must be obtained from where?
the diet
a dietary protein that contains all esential amino acids is called a?
complete protein
__, which is denatured collagen, is an example of an incomplete protein
gelatin
gellatin is an incomplete protein because it lacks __ and is low in _ and _.
TRP

Ile
Met
corn protein is low in _ &_.
rice is low in _&_.
wheat protein is low in __.
legumes are low in _&_.
soy protein in very low in _.
lys and trp
lys and thr
lys
met and cys
met
when 2 proteins complement each others deficiency it is called?

ex. beans and rice
protein complementation.
provides membrane potential
potassium
osmotic pressure
sodiuma nd chloride ion
bone formation, hormone function, blood coagulation, muscle contraction
calcium
balances calcium in the diet
phosphorus
cofactor in ezymes; insulin
zinc
oxidative enzymes cofactor
copper
bone formation
manganese
glucose metabolism
chromium
protein synthesis
molybdeum
component of b vitamin
cobalt
fat metabolism
selenium
thyroid glands
iodine
enamel formation
fluoride