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28 Cards in this Set

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What is the average lifetime of an H-bond between two H20 molecules?
9.5 picoseconds
Water forms clathrate structure around what?
hydrophobic solute
What does a nucleoside consist of? Name some
base bonded to a sugar: adenosine, uridine, cytidine
What does a nucleotide consist of?
Name some
1-3 phosphate groups bonded to nucleosides: adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP), uridine 5' monophosphate
What is the abbreviation for Alanine?
Ala, A
What is the abbreviation for Phenylalanine?
Phe, F
What is the abbreviation for Tryptophan?
Trp, W
What is the abbreviation for Asparagine?
Asn, N
What is the abbreviation for Glutamine?
Gln, Q
What is the abbreviation for Aspartic Acid?
Asp, D
What is the abbreviation for Glutamic Acid?
E
What is the abbreviation for Lysine?
K
What is the abbreviation for Arginine?
R
What are the letters for the Nonpolar Amino Acids?
WIMP FLAV
What are the letters for the Polar amino acids?
So You Think Giant Queens Can Not Help
Which amino acids have -1 charge
Aspartic Acid and Glutamic Acid
Which amino acids have +1 charge?
Lysine, Arginine
Describe site-directed mutagenesis
changes nucleotide sequence of a cloned gene to change the amino acid sequence of a protein by thermal denaturation which anneals primers
What base pairs increase the melting point?
G&C
Which DNA strand is left handed?
Z
What is A DNA formed by?
dehydrated DNA fibers
What is Z DNA formed by?
synthetic oligonucleotides with an alternating pyrimidine-purine sequence
What is the major form of DNA in cells? How many base pairs does it have per turn?
B DNA, 10 base pairs
Which buffer system buffers intracellular pH
phosphate buffer
Which buffer system buffers blood plasma?
carbonate buffer
What is transcription?
process of RNA synthesis from DNA template
How many polypeptides can prokaryotic mRNA specify?
several
How many polypeptides can eukaryotic mRNA specify?
one