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26 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A process of which one bacteria is changed into another (disease causing strain)
it is a virus that infects and kills bacteria
it is what makes up DNA, consists of 5 carbon sugar (deoxyribose), phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
Base pairing
principle bonds in DNA that can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
Base pairing
principle bonds in DNA that can form only between adenine and thymine and between guanine and cytosine
granular material visible within the nucleus, consists of DNA coiled around proteins.
It is a globular protein molecule around which DNA is coiled around chromatin.
it is a process of which a cell duplicates DNA
Ribosomal RNA
type of RNA that makes up major part of ribosomes
DNA Polymerase
It is an enzyme that proofreads new DNA strands, ensuring that each molecule is a near perfect copy of the original.
Messenger RNA
RNA molecule that carries instructions for assembly of amino acids into proteins from DNA to the rest of the cell.
Transfer RNA
type of RNA molecule that transfers amino acids to ribosomes during protein synthesis
process in which one strain of bacteeria is changed by a gene or genes from another strain of bacteria
RNA polymerase
enzyme similar to DNA polymerase that binds to DNA and seperates the DNA during transcription
region of DNA that indicates to an enzyme where to bind to make DNA
intervening sequence of DNA, does not code for a protein
expressed sequence of DNA, codes for a protein
three nucleotide sequencee on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid.
Process of which mRNA is decoded into a polypeptide chain
group of three bases on a tRNA molecule taht are complementary to an mRNA codon
changes in the DNA sequence that affect genetic info
Point mutation
mutations that effect one nucleotide
Frameshift mutations
inserting an extra nucleotide to cause mutation
a group of genes that operate together
region of chromosomes in operon that repressor binds when the operon is turned off
hox genes
control organs and tissues that develop in various parts of the embryo