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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
which test is used when anemia is suspected
hematocrit
platelets are fragments of lg multinucleated cells known as
megakaryocytes
major group of leukocytes, no visible cytoplasmic granules, more abundant in lymphoid tissue and lymph
agranulocytes
insoluble compounds, forms meshwork strands that trap RBC's and is considered structural base for clot
fibrin
another name for proteins in plasma known as agglutinins
antibodies
ability of leukocyte to move in and out of cell to reach sites of inflammation or destruction of tissue
diapedesis
nucleated cells formed in bone marrow numbers average 4000-11000/ul blood
leukocytes
anucleated cells when mature average number 4.5-5.0 mill/ulblood
erythrocytes (RBC)
what is the non living fluid matrix portion of blood
plasma
what is the technical name for blood clot
thrombus
what type of tissue is blood
connective
how many liters of blood are contained in the circulatory system of average adult
5.5L
what is the least common blood type in whites, blacks asians
AB
what is the teshnical term for the process of blood clot formation
coagulation
whole blood is composed of ______ and ________
plasma and formed elements
largest leukocytes
monocyte
smallest leukocyte
lymphocytes
determine hemacritic valvue:
uncentrifuged blood column hieght 50mm
after spin bottom layer 20mm
top layer 30mm
20/50=40%
also called reduced hemoglobin, form of hemoglobin after O2 defuses in blood
deoxygenated
Luekocyte present in high amounts in the blood when parasitic infection
eosinophil
hemoglobin measurement of 16g/100ml blood
normal
no visible cytoplasmic granules (argranulocytes) are present
monocyte
form of hemoglobin, when O2 binds to Fe
oxyhemoglobin
process of blood hemostasis
1. vascular spasm
2. platelet plug
3. coagulation (clot)
erythropoiesis: place in correct development sequence
1. reticulocyte
2. proerythroblast
3. normoblast
4. late erythroblast
2,4,3,1
erythropoiesis
descripe first sequence
proeyrthroblast: early basophilic) myeloid stem cell transforms to late erythroblast
erythropoiesis
descripe second sequence sequence
late erythroblast --> normoblast looks like egg pink os/blue is
erythropoiesis
descripe third sequence
Normoblast -> reticulocyte
normoblast hemoglobin eject organelles & nucleus degenerates
slowest step in clotting process
formation of prothrombin activator
hemoglobin normal blood ranges
men
women
average: 12-18g/100ml blood
men 13-18g/100ml blood
women 12-16g/100ml blood
lack intrinsic factor, leads to deficient vitamin b12 and pale cells called macrocutes is characteristic of
pernicious anemia
pale blood cells in pernicious anemia
macrocytes
correct sequence for following event and the processes name.
1. fibrinogen---> fibrin
2. clot retraction
3. formation of thromboplastin
4. prothrombin --> thrombin
blood clot formation (thrombus) (coagulation)
3-4-1-2
AB positive what does this mean
there are no antibodies to A or B or Rh antigens in the plasma
percursor of basophil
myeloblast
what intrinsic factor produced by ______must be present in order for B12 to be absorbed
stomach mucosa
sickling of red blood cells can be produced in those with sickle cell anemia by
1.high altitude (under low O2 levels)
2.vigorous excercise (damms up)
when erythroblastosis fetalis is not a possibilty of happening in the child of an Rh negative mother why?
The father is Rh- also
another name for hemolytic disease of new born
erythroblastosis
define erythroblastosis
new born anemic and hypoxic
severe brain damage and death