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50 Cards in this Set

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taxon (taxa)
Any named group of species at any level of a classifiacation system
kingdom monera
includes all prokaryotes; most primitive of the five kindoms 3.5bya
kingdom protista
includes all eukaryotes;2bya
Prokaryotic
simplest known cells; lack a number of organelles present in eukaryotic cells; more primative than eukaryotic cells
Eukaryotic
more complex cell structure than a prokaryotic cell
Autotrophic
To gain nutrition by means of photosynthesis
Heterotrophic
using orgainc compounds as their source of carbon
Division eubacteria
"true bacteria"...belongs to kingdom monera
Division cyanobacteria
"Blue-green algae"...belongs to kingdom monera
Phylum Sarcodina
"Amoebas"...belongs to kingdom protista
Phylum Mastigophora
"Flagellates"...belongs to kingdom protista
Phylum Ciliophora
"Ciliates"...belongs to kingdom protista
Phylum Sporozoa
"Sporozoans"...belong to kingdom protista
Division Euglenophyta
"Euglenas"...belong to the Kingdom protista
Division Archaebacteria
"Methanogenic Bacteria"...belongs to Kingdom Monera
Divison Chrysophyta
"Diatoms, golden-brown algae"...belongs to kingdom protista
Divison Xanothophyta
"Yellow-green algae"...belongs to kingdom protista
Divison Pyrrophyta
"Dinoflagellates, causes red tides"...belongs to kingdom protista
Subkingdom Gymnomycota
"Slime molds"...belong to kingdom fungi
Subkingdom Eumycota
"True fungi"...belong to kingdom fungi
Divison myxomycota
"plasmodial slime molds"...belong to kingdom fungi
Division Acrasiomycota
"Cellular slime molds"...belong to kingdom fungi
Division Oomycota
"Water molds"...belong to kingdom fungi
Division Zygomycota
"Bread molds"...belong to kingdom fungi
Division Ascomycota
"Sac fungi"...belong to kindom fungi
Division Basidiomycota
"Club fungi, mushrooms, bracket fungi"...belong to kingdom fungi
Lichen
Symbiotic relationship between algae and fungi (usually ascomycetes)
endospores
A small asexual spore, as that formed by some bacteria
absorption
heterotrophs...kingdom fungi
ingestion
heterotrophs...kingdom animalia
protozoans
classified on mode of locomotion
unicellular algae
classified on pigmentation
haploid
Single copies of each chromosome ...found in sperm and egg cells (a.k.a.germ cells)
diploid
Two sets of each chromosome in cell...(2n zygote is produced)
Meiosis
The process a cell's nucleus must go through to make sex cells (gametes) with half the number of chromosomes present in the original cell
karyoogamy
when two nuclei fuse together
dikaryotic
contains two nuclei
hyphae
fine thread-like cells
bracket fungi
grow on sides of dead or dying trees
mushrooms
grow in soil
gill mushrooms
most commonly found in yards
polypore fungi
form spores along the surface of tiny canals inside the cap
coccus
spherical bacteria
bacillus
rod-shaped bacterium
spirillum
rigid, spiral-shaped bacterium
chlorophyll
a group of green pigments found in green plants, algae, and some bacteria necessary for energy production
basidium
Short, club-shaped fungus cell on which basidiospores are produced
Mycelium
the hypha or mass of hyphae that make up the body of a fungus
spore print
the print of a mushroom's spores; these vary widely in color and are made by placing a mushroom cap on a piece of paper.
chemotroph
organisms can obtain energy from inorgainc chemical reactions