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27 Cards in this Set

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A microscope that utilizes rays of light.
light microscope
a microscope that utilizes electrons to enlarge the image
electron microscope
enlargement or enlarging of an image
magnification
how sharp a magnified object appears through a microscope
resolution
microscope that measures differences in voltage of electrons leaving the surface of an object and creates a three dimensional image of the object
scanning tunneling
A scope that is used to observe cells.
microscope
principle that that states all organisms are made of one or more cells that arise from other cells
cell theory
lipid bilayer with embedded
cell membrane
the interior of a cell
cytoplasm
cytoplasmiuc network of protein filaments that plays an essential role in cell movement, shape, and division.
cytoskeleton
organelle on which proteins are made
ribosome
single celled organism without a nucleus bacterial cell
prokaryote
the structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support for the cell
cell wall
threadlike structure that grows out of a cell and enables it to move.
flagellum
organism whose cells have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane
eukaryote
organelle that houses the DNA of Eukaryotic cells
nucleus
structure in eukaryotic cells that has a specialized function
organelle
in cells, one hair-like structure in tightly packed rows that are used for movement
cilium
lipid molecule in all membranes of the cell
phospholipid
foundation of cell membranes; composed of two layers of phospholipids
lipid bilayer
cell membranes in the cytoplasm that transport substances made by the cell
endoplasmic reticulum
membrane-enclosed sac in the cell's interior
vesicle
Organelle that packages and distributes molecules produced by a eurkaryotic cell.
Golgi apparatus
organelle in a eukaryotic cell that contains digestive enzymes
lysosome
organelle that produces much of the ATP mad by a eukaryotic cell
mitochondrion
organelles that use light energy to make carbohydrates
chloroplasts
membrane-bound cavity in plant cells used for storage
central vacuole