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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Asexual Reproduction
a method of reproduction in which all the genes passed on to the offspring come from a single individual or parent
Biotechnology
the combination of tecnhnology and biological sciences
Bond
the chemical link between atoms that hold molecules together
Chromosome
a thick, threadlike structure that contains genetic information in the form of DNA
Clone
an organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced
DNA
the material found in all cells that contains genetic information about that organism
Egg
a sex cell produced by a female
Expressed
the way that an unseen gene is seen in an organism as an actual physical trait
Genes
segments of DNA on a chromosome that contain the gode for a specific trait
Genetic engineering
a set of technologies that humans use to alter the genetic instructions of an organism by submitting DNA molecules
Genetic recombination
the formation of a new combination of a new combination of genes during sexual reproduction
Heredity
the passing of traits from parent to offspring
Mutation
any alteration sequence of DNA
Replicate
to copy
Selective breeding
the process of choosing a few organisms with desirable traits to serve as the parents of the next generation
Sexual reproduction
a method of reproduction that involves two parents to produce offspring that are genetically different from either parent
Sperm
the male sex cell
Subunit
the section of DNA molecule that contains a sugar, a phosphate, and a base
Template
the pattern for a new molecule
Traits
characteristics that are passed from parent to offspring through the genes