Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

90 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Who inspected cork cells to discover cells?
Robert Hooke
Hook the cork with the corkscrew
Who invented the microscope
You don't need a microscope to see his Long name.
Who invented the cell theory?
Schwann and Schleiden
Shh! The swan cells are on the slide.
What is the nucleolus' purpose?
It makes ribosomes.
The nucleus contains info for making proteins, and also the nucleolus..which makes what?
What is cilia?
little hairs on cell, used for movement
Silly string
What is flagella?
little tail on cell, used for movement
What is the nucleus?
cell control center, contains DNA
No hint
What is the mitochondria?
cell powerhouse
Mrs. Muffley
What is a plastid?
storage in cell
plastic bags
What do ribosomes do?
make proteins
No hint
What is the ER in a cell?
endoplasmic reticulum, transport, smooth and rough
No hint
What is osmosis?
diffusion of water from high to low
what was osmosis jones made of?
What is diffusion?
passive transport through a semi-permeable membrane from high to low concentration
No hint
What is fermentation?
quick energy, no oxygen present, either lactic acid or alcoholic
If we have no ______, than we die and ferment.
What is respiration?
how cells get energy, Krebs cycle
No hint
What is budding?
form of asexual reproduction
No hint
What is turgor?
water pressure in a plant
chewy celery
What is fission?
split in half
What is regeneration?
regrow or replace lost parts
What is a contractile vacuole?
keep water balance by taking in and contracting to squeeze out
No hint
What is interphase?
growing stage in cell cycle made up of G1, S, and G2
No hint
What is translation?
DNA copied to RNA
No hint
What is transcription?
RNA gives code to ribosomes on the ER
No hint
What is replication?
When DNA makes a copy of itself
happens in mitosis
What is mutation?
change or mistake in DNA
No hint
Who is Mendel?
father of genetics
Find hint
Who was Pastuer?
proved spontaneous generation theory wrong, rabies vaccine, bacteria, milk
cows in pasture
What is a chromosome?
strand of coiled DNA in the nucleus
X in mitosis
What is cytology?
study of cells
What is photosynthesis?
plants convert water and co2 using sunlight intostored energy (glucose)
photosynthesis equation
What is the cell theory?
-components of life
-cells come from other cells
No hint
What is botany?
plant science
What are fungi?
heterotrophs, one of the kingdoms
no hint
What is DNA?
deoxyribonucleic acid, double helix, code for proteins
no hint
What is RNA?
ribonucleic acid, code copier and messenger, tRNA, rRNA, mRNA
no hint
What is the meaning of endothermic?
take in heat energy, gets colder
What is the meaning of exothermic?
give off heat energy, gets warmer
What is meiosis?
gamete (sex cells) production, haploid
What is fertilization?
when the egg and sperm come together
no hint
Who are Watson and Crick?
they found the structure of DNA (double helix)
no hint
What does dominant mean?
Mr. Williams charts
What does recessive mean?
Mr. Williams charts
What is mitosis
asexual cell division
What is ecology?
study of animals and their relationship to their surroundings
What is sexual reproduction?
2 organisms, egg fertilized by sperm
no hint
What is autotrophy?
does not rely on others for food
What is heterotrophy?
relies on others for food
What is phylogeny?
evolutionary history
The Darwin quote was philosophical.
What are ethics?
no hint
What is evolution?
change or adaptation over time
no hint
What is a zygote?
fertilized egg
"Zy" got some, and now she has a __________ ___
What is an isotope?
diff. # of neutrons, same chemical properties, changes mass
no hint
What is an ion?
charged atom
no hint
What is matter?
anything that has mass and takes up space
no hint
What is an element?
pure substance, one type of atom
no hint
What is a compound?
2 or more elements bonded together
no hint
What is an ionic bond?
take e-
no hint
What is a covalent bond?
share e-
no hint
what is a base?
OH- (hydroxide), higher end of the scale
No hint
What is an acid?
H+ (hydronium), lower end of the scale
No hint
What is a hydronium ion?
H3O, or H+
No hint
What is a hydroxide ion?
No hint
What is kinetic energy?
energy in use
me running from katie
What is potential energy?
stored enery
seeing katie...(i will be running soon)
What is activation energy?
initiation energy
dropping everything and telling my legs to move in the opposite direction of katie
What is a solution?
something dissolved into something else
salt and water
What is a solute?
substance being dissolved
What is a solvent?
substance in which solute dissolves
same molecular formula, diff. structure
no hint
water lover
no hint
what does hydrophobic mean?
water hater
What is an enzyme?
a protein that helps lower activation energy in chemical reactions
What is a protein?
structure, message carrier, enzyme, etc. made of Amino Acids
no hint
What is a carbohydrate?
energy giver
eat for fh games
What is a lipid?
fatty oils, non-soluble, makes up membranes
lipid bilayer membrane
north and south poles
scanning electron microscope, metallic spray, dead or nonliving specimens
transmission electron microscope, thin slices
G1 phase
first phase of interphase, cell growth
chart in book
S phase
second phase of interphase, DNA replication
chart in book
G2 phase
third phase of interphase, preparing for cell division
chart in book
DNA helicase
enzyme that splits DNA down the middle
no hint
light dependent reaction
no hint
light independent reaction
calvin cycle, CO2 fixation, CO2>glucose
part of cytoskeleton, two at right angles to each other form centrosomes
no hint
cell specialization
cells that perform special tasks in the body
blood cells, nerve cells
monomer of nucleic acids (DNA and RNA)
no hint
clump of histones that DNA is coiled around
no hint
protein that DNA coils around
no hint
DNA in nucleus, not coiled
no hint