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50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
botany
the study of plants
radical
embryonic root that emerges first
buttresses
above-ground stability roots in rainforest trees
tendrils
part of stems or leaves, provides support for vines
transpiration
evaporative cooling (leaves)
perfect flowers
both sexes
imperfect flowers
one sex
gymnosperms
conifers
angiosperms
flowering plants
agriculture
cultivation of plants
domestication
genetic alteration by humans
natural selection
occurs in wild with lots of natural variation, environment selects against something
artifical selection
humans select
range
where a plant naturally occurs
Brassicaceae
mustard family (most vegies)
Asteraceae
daisy family (lettuce)
Apiaceae
carrot family (parsnips)
Chenopodiaceae
beet family (spinach)
Brassica oleracea
most vegies from this variety of brassicaceae
liliaceae
lily family (asparagus, bulb vegies)
fabaceae
bean family (legumes, jicama)
locule
seed chamber in fruit
pericarp
fleshy part of fruit
simple
derived from one carpel
dehiscent
opening dry fruit (seems)
indehiscent
not opening dry fruit
aggregate
derived from many carpels of one flower
multiple
derived from inflorescence
pome
apple, pear
drupe
stone fruits like peaches, plums,
rosaceae
rose family, apples, pears, plums,almonds etc.
vitaceae
grapes,
oleaceae
olives
actinidiaceae
kiwi
Jungladaceae
walnut family
cucurbitaceae
squash family (and melons)
solanaceae
tomato
arecaceae
coconuts
Anacardiaceae
poison ivey, cashews, etc.
Proteaceae
macadamia nuts
Poaceae
cereal family
bran
fused pericarp and seed coat
germ
embryo
lodging
matting down of stalks by wind or rain
shattering
dispersal of dry, brittle grains at the slightest disturbance
gluten
proteins in wheat which add elasticity
pulse
edible dried legume seed
aflatoxin
fungal toxin in peanuts
dals
lentil purees in India
oligosaccharides
low molecular sugars that don’t digest