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25 Cards in this Set

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Carbons use bonds to:
1. attach to other carbons 2. form endless diversity of carbon skeletons
Simplest organic compounds are?
hydrocarbons, containing hydrogen and carbon atoms. simplest hydrocarbon is methane.
Funtional groups are what atoms?
atoms attached to a carbon skelton and depend on the skeleton Ex. hydroxal, carbonyl, and amino groups
what proccess breaks down macromolecules?
hydrolysis
most macromolecules are what, what do they do, and how do cells link monomers?
-polymers
-polymers are made by stringing together many smaller molecules called monomers. link monomers by dehydration synthesis.
What are four categories of large molecules in cells?
carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids
what molcule does dietary fat consist largely of?
triglyceride
fats perform what essential functions in the body?
energy storage, cushioning, insulation, vitamins
what is a gigantic molecule?
macromolecule
what is an aqueous solution?
water
what is a disaccharide?
a double sugar constructed from 2 monosaccharides?
how are disaccharides joined?
proccess of dehydration synthesis
what is the most common disaccharide?
table sugar
what is a polysaccharide?
complex carb of a long chain of sugar units
organic chemistry is the study of what?
carbon compounds
Lipids are hydrophobic and examples are:
fats and steroids
Biology is:
the scientific study of life
Ecology is:
the branch of biology that investigates these relationships between organisms and their environment
The language of DNA contains:
four letters: AGCT
Taxonomy is:
the branch of biology that names and classifies species
the three domains of life are:
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
bacteria and archaea are:
prokaryotic domains
Eukarya includes what 4 kingdoms?
protista, plantae, fungi, and animalia
the product of natural selection is:
adaptation
Artificial selection is:
the selective breeding of domesticated plants and animals by humans