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113 Cards in this Set

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taxonomy
King play chest on fiver glass stools

Kingdom
phylum
subphylum
class
order
family
genus
species
5 kingdom
monera
protista
fungi
plantae
animalia
Virus
not living must depend upon the host's reproductive machinery to replicate
bacteriophages
virus which exclusively infect bacteriaf
Monera
prokaryotic and unicelluar includes bacteria and blue gree algea

lack nucleus or any mebrane bound organelle
single celled
reproduce asexually
Protista
have both plant and animal chracteristic

eukaryotic, mostly unicellular
have membraneuos bond nucleus and organ

protozoa and algae
fungi
eukaryotic
molticeullar
hetertropic
decomposers

ex yest (reproduce by budding)
fungi by sporulation
mushroom
plantae
eukaryotes
multicellular
autotropic(photosynthetic)
cell wall made of cellulose
nonvascular plants
bryophyta
-mosses
-liverworth

stem이 없어서 땅에 붙어있다
tracheophytes
vascular plant
물과 영향분 수송

coniferophyta(gymnosperm)
anthophyta(angiosperm)
animalia
eukaryotes
multiceullular
no cell walls
heterotropic
bilateral symmetry

invertebrate
vertebrate
4 chambered heart
warm blooded(homeothermic)
egg surrounded by shells
birds
warm blood
feed offspring with milk
mammales
-monetremes
marsupials
placental
monetremes
type of mammales
lay egg
ex platypus
marsupials
type of mammales
-has pauch
two chambered heart
external fertilization
fish
larval stage "tadpole"found in water

3chambered heart
external fertilization
amphibia
3 chambered heart
internal fertilization
cold blood "pokilothermic"
reptile
animal kingdom classification
has 9 phylum

porifera
cnidarians
platyhelminthes
nematoda
annelida
mollusca
arthropods
Echinoderms
Chordata
Chodata
has 2 phylum
vertebrate and invertebrate

5 classes in vertebrate
fish
amphibia
pretile
birds
mammals
Porifera
phylum of animal kingdom

sponges
stationary
cnidarians
(colenterates)
digestive sacs
one opening

jelly fish
platyhelminthes
flatwarm

bilaterally symmetrical
no circulatory sys
nerve sys consist of eye
and logitudenal nerve cords, brain ganglion
nematoda
round warm
digestive tube and anus
lack circulatory sys
have nerve cords and anterior nerve ring
Annelida
segmented worm
have coelom (body cavity)
have nerve, circulatory and excretory system
mollusca
claims, snails squid
have mentles
Arthropods
jointed appendages
chitinous exoskeletons
open circulatory sys

3 class
insects-3 pairs of leg
archnids-4 pairs of leg "spider"
crustacean-shrimp, lobster
Echinoderms
radially symmetrical
water vascular system
capacity of regeneration of parts

starfish, sea urchin
same species can ?
mate and produce offspring
binomial system
2 part
italized = genus
capitalized = species
saprophyte
grows on and derive its nourishment from dead or decaying organic matter
saprophytes are mostly
fungi or bacteria
parasite
live off of different organism white contributing nothing
monera
prokaryotc and unicellular
obligate aerobe
bacteria, in monera
require O2
faciltate anaerobe
bacteria, in monera
live w/ w/o O2
obligate anerobe
bacteria, in monera
live w/o O2
example of bacteria
archaebactria
thermoacidophiles

methanogens

halophiles
thermoacidphiles
type of bacteria

live in extemely hot acidic and moist area
metanoges
type of bacteria

obligate anaerobe

produce CH4
halophiles
type of bacteria

live in extremely salty solution
like dead sea or great salt lake
example of bacteria
eubacteria
"true bacteria"
gram -

gram +
cocci
type of bacteria

round shape
bacilli
type of bacteria

rod shape
spirill
type of bacteria

spiral shape
diplococci
type of bacteria

live in duplexes
staphylococci
type of bacteia

live in cluster
streptococci
type of bacteria

live in chain
mycoplasmas
bacteria

smallest living cells every discovered

lack cell wall characteristic

exist as intracellular plant or aimal parasies thus pennisiln does not harm mycoplasmas
pennicllin
antibiotic to most bacteria except mycoplasmas

it interferes wih cell all formation
blue green algae
monera

-prokaryotes
-no flagella and no organelees
-have cell wall and photosynthetic pigments
blue green algae is in which kingdom?
monera
simplest eukaryotes
unicellular
some simple muiltie cellular

algae
protista
rhisopoda
algae (protista)
naked and shelled amoebae
sporozoa
algae (protista)
parasitic
ciliophora
algae (protista)
use cila for move and eat
soomastigina
algae (protista)
use flagella for move
structure of fungi
1.hyphae
-form mycelium, inc absorption

2. haustoria
-parasitic fungi
hyphae
-form mycelium, inc absorption
fungi
haustoria
parasitic fungi
reproduction of fungi?
sexual and asexual
asexual reproduction of fungi
conducive living condition

duplicate by proess of mass productin of cloned spores (travel by air or by sea)
sexual reproduction of fungi
occur when two hypae of opposite matin strains joint
multicellular autotrophic organism
plantae
plasmdesmata
in plants
opening i cell wall

cell mem is not semi permeable thus shared cell wall need opening for communication, transport btw adjacent cells
evolution of plants
ancestral green algae

- vascular plant
and nonvascular plant (moss)

-vas plant to seed plant and non seed plants (fern)

-seed plant to conifers and flowering plants
mosses, liverworth, hornworth(bryothyits) and group of green algae and lichens
non vascular plants
well developed iternal food and water conducting system
vascular
nonvascular plant lacks?
well developed iternal food and water conducting system
(like xylem or phloem)
roots or leave
whic type of plant need water for reproduction?
nonvascular
composite o species of fungi that contain symbiotic species of cynobacteria w/i their tissue
lichens (nonvascular plants)
tracheophytes
vascular plants
bryophytes
nonvascular plants
vascular plants (tacheophytes)
have
xylem and pholem
vascular plants (tacheophytes) have life cycle
sporophyte is more prominent than the gametophyte
have vascular tissue w/ true roots and leaves, reproduceva spors and need H2O for fertilization
seedless plants
division psilophyta
whiskferns (seedless plant)
division lycophyta
club mosses (seedless plants)
division spenophyta
horsetails (seedless plants)
division pferophyta
fern (seedless plants)
do not require water for fertilization
seed plants
unprotectd seed
retain leave throug winter
leave like needle
pine cone (reproductie structre)
gymnosperm, (seed plant)
protected seed
angiosperm seed plant flowering plants
monocot
one cotyledon (seed leaf)
dicot
two cotyldon (seed leaf)
porifera
radiata
acoelomate(platylhelminthes)
pseudocoelomates
prostostoms
arthropods
deutierostomes(echinodermata)
inverebrate
chordata
amphibia
reptiles
aves (birds)
mammalia
vertebrae
two layer of cell arranged in the sac surrounding a central cavity
spongecoel(sponge)
sponge
porifera
metazoa is aka?
animalia
regenerate body part
porifera (sponge)
hydra, medusa, sea anemone, corals
radiata
have digestive sac "gasrovascular cavity"
one opening
net nerve, tentacle, stinging cells
radial sym
2 laye "ecto and endo"
radita
(hydra, medusa, sea anemone, corals)
platylhelminthes(acoelomante)
flatworm
platylhelminthes(acoelomante)
pseudocoelomates(nemtodes)
round worms
pseudocoelomates(nemtodes)
bilateral sym
no cir. sys
nerve sys consist of eye anterior brain ganglion and pair of longitudinal nerve cords
one opening
flatworm
platylhelminthes(acoelomante)
anterior nerve ring
long digestive tube nd anus
no cyc system
round worms(hook worms)
pseudocoelomates(nemtodes)
protostomes
annelids and mllusks
have mentals and seceret calcium carbonate
brath thru gils and have chambered heart
snails, squid, clams
have coelom
well defined sys
-nerve, cir, exretory
annelids (segmented worm)
insects, archnids, crustaceans
arthropds
3 pairs of leg
spiracles
tracheal tube (breath outside aquatic condition)
malpighian tube (wasste removeable)
insects
for pairs of legs and book lung
archnids
scopion and spider
scopion and spider
archnids
segmented ody w/ varable # of appendages
rustaceans
lobster, shrimp, crayfish
lobster, shrimp, crayfish
crustaceans
radial symetrical
spiny
water vascular system
regenerat body parts
deutierostomes(echinodermata)
star fish, sea urchins
star fish, sea urchins
deutierostomes(echinodermata
notochord is present during embryoogic development
contain both invertebrates and vertebrates
have dorsal hallow nerve cord and tails extending beyond the anus during development
chordata
1st vertebrate on land
btw land and water
amphibia
salamander, toads,
amniotic egg
ectothrmic
reptile
snake and lizzard
mammary lands
hair
placental
mammalia
marsupials
humans
rodetns
kangaroos
heres
mammalia